Not since the Riel Rebellion of 1885 had Canada seen an armed standoff of the size and scope that occurred between Indians and the military in the small town of Oka, Quebec, between May and September of 1990. The lead-up, the crisis, and the aftermath are all documented in Harry Swain’s account of the crisis in “Oka – A Political Crisis and It’s Legacy” - a self-proclaimed subjective account of the 78 day standoff between Mohawk Indians and, progressively, the Town of Oka, the Sûreté du Québec, and finally the Canadian military. Swain was Deputy Minister of the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development (DIAND) at the time, ostensibly a key player in the negotiations between the Mohawks of the Kanesatake reserve and the Town/police/military, although he never clearly states what role he played. The 1990 version of an age-old land dispute over a sacred Mohawk common area called The Pines that the Town of Oka wanted as an expanded golf course and luxury condominium development escalated to a full armed conflict resulting in two deaths – that of a young Sûreté du Québec (SQ) officer, and an elderly Indian man, and the widening of the gulf between the local francophone and Indian populations. But it was also more than that.
John A. McCrae John McCrae was a Canadian poet John McCrae. He served in the Canadian forces as a medical officer in both the Boer War and World War I. A year after the beginning of World War One, he published a poem in the famous “Punch Magazine”, the only work, by which he would become famous. McCrae was born in McCrae House in Ontario, the grandson of Scottish immigrants. He attended to the well-known Guelph Collegiate Vocational Institute and soon became a member of the Guelph militia regiment.
A revolutionary alliance was created and in the early 20th century, several attacks were made on the Qing Dynasty but were halted by the Qing army. Finally after years of an attempted revolt, towards the end of 1911 in the city of Wuhan, troops of the army began to disobey the orders given to them which sent a state of rebel along other provinces. At this chance, the local revolutionaries took hold of all but 3 of China’s provinces and declared themselves independent of China’s central government. Of course one can argue that the revolution of 1911 was what really led to the abdication of the last Emperor of China but I strongly agree that due to the overall embarrassment and humiliation from foreign countries taking over parts of China’s land, it left China with no sense of solidarity anymore and an overgrowing feeling of nationalism. There were many other reasons why
'Life for life,' Riel should have clearly been executed for this one reason alone. The rebellion of 1885 was Riel's second offense against the Canadian government, the second time he chose violence over negotiation. This was not, and is still not acceptable. "The Métis began by taking hostages, and cutting telegraph lines." (Shuttle, http://infoweb.magi.com/~shuttle/riel-index.html) Currently the United States of America is negotiating with Iraq and other world powers about weapons inspections and their policies on it.
When he came back to Canada in 1925 he taught history at the University of Toronto and got married to Maryon Elspeth Moody on August 22nd, 1925. In 1928 he joined the Foreign Service. In 1927 he was invited to join the Department of External Affairs. Pearson’s political career began when he joined External Affairs as first Secretary in Ottawa on August 28, 1928. From 1935 to 1941, he served in the high office of the Commissioner for Canada in London, UK.
Aaron Burr’s involvement in the election between Jefferson and himself caused the Twelfth Amendment to become passed. In addition, his trial over his efforts to create a kingdom for himself in Mexico helped to set precedents restraining the Executive Branch of government from controlling the Judicial Branch. After graduating from Princeton University in 1772 at the top of his class, Aaron joined the military in the preparations for the Revolutionary War. Burr became part of the notorious Benedict Arnold’s unit. On the journey to Quebec, Burr traversed most of the state of Maine.
It was made up of either pig or cow fat which violated the religious sentiments of the Muslim and Hindu soldiers. In 1857, three regiments of the Army refused to use the ammunition of the Enfield rifles and demanded that Bahadur Shah Zafar take over as the ruler of India and the head of the rebels. Mangal Pandey is one of the most famous figures of this uprising, who attacked the British regiment. He was later arrested and hanged. This uprising came to be known as the Sepoy Mutiny or the Revolt of 1857.
Who were they Jacques Cartier was a French explorer who led 3 expeditions to what is now considered Canada. x. Country they explored Jacques Cartier was looking for a route to the Pacific Ocean through North America, also called the Northwest Passage. He also attempted to start a settlement in Quebec during his final voyage, but it was abandoned after a terrible winter. xi.
Sharpe writes that serious opposition only emerged with the Bishops’ wars in 1637, followed by the attack on Charles government by parliament which led to the calling of the long parliament in 1640 and the end of the personal rule. In contrast, Morrill argues that significant opposition existed long before this, such as the formation of the ‘Godly party’ and the inflexible aspects of Charles personality, which also played key roles in the lead up to war and the long parliament. 1637 things people opposed It can be seen that Charles’ faced great opposition to his personal rule in the last three years of his personal rule. However, nothing was as breathtaking in terms of effects one the rule as was the Ship Money trial of 1637. This caused huge uproar as John Hampden was put to trial after he refused to pay the Ship Money tax.
Imagine, it is 1793, and the people of France are in a state of terror. King Louis XVI has just been executed, and Robespierre and the Jacobins have taken over the power in France, creating a Reign of Terror. The Reign of Terror was a period fifteen months after the onset of the French Revolution when struggles between rival factions led to mutual radicalization. The country was divided between two radical political groups; the Girondins and the Jacobins. The Girondins believed in a democratic government with some power going to the citizens.