lotf Essay

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Piggy as a Symbol in Lord of the Flies In the story of Adam and Eve from the Bible, God banishes Adam and Eve from the paradisiacal island for tasting the forbidden fruit, which forces them to learn to be civilized beings. In Lord of the Flies, by Sir William Golding, the group of boys acquire the sweet taste of the “forbidden fruit” (no civilization) and spiral down to a hellish anarchy. In the allegorical novel, a group of young boys fly in a plane to flee the country, for they find themselves in the midst of a war. The plane crashes into a beautiful island, and there they must learn to adapt to the new surroundings and keep everything and everyone under control. All seems well, but then suddenly the boys find themselves thrown into a chaotic state and the island becomes hell-like: boys die, boys hunt boys, and the proper English boys who landed on the island transform into bloody, thirsty savages. Without civilization, the boys on the island become demonic. William Golding uses the character of Piggy and his assets as a symbols to develop the theme that loss of civilization causes death, destruction, and chaos. Undoubtedly, Piggy’s glasses serve as a symbol of order of civilization in the book. Throughout the novel, Piggy’s “specs” light the fire: “So we must make smoke on top of the mountain. We must make a fire.” (38) Piggy’s glasses light the fire of hope of civilization so that a plane or ship passing by will see the smoke and rescue them. The fire of hope and salvation comes from Piggy’s glasses because in civilization those two items, hope and salvation, do not seem to be needed as much. This exemplifies the need of civilization. After Piggy’s glasses are stolen, Piggy expresses his more blunt and childish side to the people around him, not his refined English side like he usually does. For example, he demands his glasses back from the

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