Lord of the Flies: the Human Experience and the 20th Century Novel

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Lord of the Flies: The Human Experience and the 20th Century Novel Written in the 1950s, Lord of the Flies has been celebrated as a modern classic. In this novel, Golding explores the innate evil nature within all humans through a variety of language techniques, themes, characterisation and plot. Throughout this book, he argues that when given the choice between civilisation and savagery, humans will instinctively choose violence and barbarism. He suggests that civilisation is not our natural state but rather something that restricts our inner savage. But the book also shows that the inner hold of society can vary between people for various reasons. When the school boys first arrive on the deserted Island they form a make shift society with rules but it breaks apart because of the innate evil and selfishness within humans. At the beginning of the novel, the mindset of civilisation is still clear in the children’s minds. They call a meeting. Ralph is voted in chief by the children as a president or prime minister would be elected into office in a democracy. They create rules such as speaking only when you have the conch, thus becoming the symbol of civilisation and order in the novel. They decide to build a fire attract vessels for rescue and make shelters. But Jack is more concerned about hunting pigs, claiming that they needed meat. But this is proven false. He is not hunting for food but for his own self-satisfaction: His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink. He is unable to think about anything other than the hunt as his mind is ‘crowded with memories’ of the hunt. He is exhilarated by the thrill, excitement and danger of killing the pig. His
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