Lord of the Flies Essay

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In 1651, Thomas Hobbes wrote a book called Leviathan. In it, he argues that human nature is naturally evil or self-serving, and that we need systems like laws and government to keep us in check. Author William Golding seems to agree with this statement in his book Lord of the Flies. Sigmund Freud developed a famous psychoanalytic theory that the human psyche can be divided into three parts: id, ego, and superego. If a reader examines Lord of the Flies in a “Freudian interpretation” one can see that three of the main characters mirror or symbolize all these qualities. The id, defined by Freud, is the unorganized part of the personality structure that contains a human's basic drives such as anger, aggression, and pleasure. In this analogy, Roger represents the id. He is ruthless and violent. Unlike Jack, he does not shy away from violence even in the beginning of the turn from civilization. "You don't know Roger. He's a terror (182).” says Samneric. He is the one who drops the rock that kills Piggy. Many other boys, including Jack, get the feeling that he is dangerous. Freud describes the ego as the organized part of the personality that includes defensive, perceptual, intellectual, and executive functions. It tries to please the id in realistic ways. The character that symbolizes is Ralph. He is described through direct characterization as, “...there was his size, attractive appearance, (22)...” He also possesses natural leadership qualities, and is immediately voted chief. But he is not perfect, and often torments Piggy and bosses others around. “Ralph, looking with more understanding at Piggy, saw that he was hurt and crushed. He hovered between the two courses of apology and further insult (25).” Ralph even joins in the war dance in Chapter 9 as the boys mistake Simon for the beast and kill him. The last part of the personality, as described by Freud, is the

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