Lord Of The Flies Essay

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The Lord of the Flies Benchmark Essay “Fancy thinking the beast was something you could hunt and kill”(Golding 136). It is an age old question – are humans intrinsically good or evil? And if they are truly born evil, what keeps humanity from degeneration into a multitude of individuals who seek only to further their interests? William Golding’s Lord of the Flies is a novel about a group of young British school boys who are stranded on an island after a plane crash during World War II, where all the adults die. Soon the boys’ minor arguments turn into bloodthirsty conflicts and Jack’s tribe and its savage methods emerge as the clear victor and establish dominance over the civilized children. Golding uses the characters as an allegory for the various elements of the human mind, illustrating the struggle for society to overcome the inherent evil in humans using the conflicts of the isolated children. Through the use of his characters Piggy and Roger, Golding demonstrates the deterioration of the values that the boys have been brought up with. At first, the characters are still set in the ways of their old society and maintain order with only minor deviations. Despite the fact that no adults are actively controlling them, the boys obey the rules they have always followed. For example, Roger stalks a littlun, Henry, to the beach through the creepers. He attempts to throw small pebbles at Henry and discovers that, “invisible yet strong, was the taboo of the old life. Round the squatting child was the protection of parents and school and policemen and the law” (Golding 87). At this point in the book, Piggy’s mature conservativeness keeps order over the majority of the boys because he organizes them in an orderly fashion. Even Jack and Roger, who will later on change sides, are currently subdued by Piggy’s ideals, which represent the pressures of society. Piggy, by

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