Symbolism in The Lord of the Flies is extremely significant. Without it, the book would not be the success that it is. The way Golding uses symbolism is far more advance than the time when the novel was written. He had a way of putting it into words so when you read it you don’t notice unless you really look for it. The symbols in Lord of the Flies show that, under the right conditions, a civil group of boys will turn savage.
The conch is probably the most important symbol in The Lord of the Flies. It stands for democracy and order. Without the conch, the boys would not have gathered and held the first meeting. They establish Ralph as the leader, and decide the holder of the conch has the power to speak and no one can interrupt them. The conch shows the boys starting a mini civilization.
Piggy’s glasses represent civilization and intelligence. When the boys first arrive on the island, Piggy’s glasses are spotless and pure, much like the boys, as time progresses they become cracked and dirty and they slowly become imperfect like the boys do through out the novel. The glasses set Piggy apart from the other boys by symbolizing Piggy’s wisdom and maturity, i.e. Piggy is the first to realize the boys are becoming unruly and boisterous. In addition to his intellect, he constantly cleans the lenses on his glasses before he answers a question or makes a decision, as if it he were defogging his vision to better see the topic. The glasses show that the boys will never be the same.
A symbol that is often over looked is clothing. In The Lord of the Flies, Golding uses clothing to show the slow deterioration of the boys’ civil background. At first they are described as having a school uniform on and when the boys begin to cross the line into savagery, their clothes become rags and they choose to not wear them anymore. “Some were naked and carrying their clothes…jacketed or jerseyed.”(18) When the boys are in their most primitive state they tend to have on...