Reading Recovery is an intervention program designed to address the needs of first grade students who score in the lowest percentile on achievement tests in reading and writing. The program provides one-to-one tutoring, administered in the normal school day by a specialized teacher. Specially trained teacher leaders provide training for RR teachers and the training program awards the trainee graduate-level credits at major universities (RR Website). The RR training is aimed at improving the teachers’ theory of how children learn, as well as, the teachers’ strategies for teaching. Upon identification as a candidate for the Reading Recovery program, students are giving additional instruction in reading and writing through daily 30-minute sessions for approximately 16-20 weeks.
This paper asked the question, “Can leadership, particularly charisma, be taught?” They performed a series of measurable experiments to try to answer that question. Their goal was to “whether a theoretically designed intervention can make individuals appear more charismatic to independent observers”. This is their synopsis: “We tested whether we could teach individuals to behave more charismatically, and whether changes in charisma affected leader outcomes. In Study 1, a mixed-design field experiment, we randomly assigned 34 middle-level managers to a control or an experimental group. Three months later, we reassessed the managers using their coworker ratings.
The Stroop Effect and Reaction Time Johanna F. Hermida Florida Atlantic University Abstract We are looking to why the process of reading congruent stimuli can be facilitated by automatic process or interfered by it. The purpose of this experiment is to study the reaction time that the participants take to complete each task by replicating the previously carried out Stroop Effect by using numbers. 118 students taking a psychology class participated in the experiment. Participants were presented with 4 Stroop experiment task sheet which consists of four parts which was the control, neutral, congruent and incongruent conditions; what we are measuring is the reaction time that the participants take to complete the task, by manipulating the 4 conditions. Time was taken and recorded for each participant to say out the number of signs in the control condition and to say out the number of numbers in the neutral, congruent and incongruent conditions.
Abstract In making attributions for behavior, individuals will encounter information patterns indicating stimulus, person, or circumstance causation. The aim of this study is to investigate the influence of consensus, distinctiveness and consistency information on person and situational attributional judgments. Participants; fifteen second year psychology students; answered 24-hypothetical Events Questionnaire individually, coded their responses, exchanged questionnaires, tallied and rated each question, then analyzed their class’s results (dependent samples t-test). The study supported the hypotheses high consensus causes more situation attributions than low however, did not support high distinctiveness causes more situation attributions than low; and high consistency causes more situation attributions than low. Results confirmed consensus, distinctiveness, and consistency effected person and situational attributional judgments but varied in ratings for different conditions.
University of Phoenix Material Week Two Quiz Multiple Choice: Read each question and select the correct answer. 1. A company wants to use a psychological test to screen for emotional stability for a sensitive position. Which of the following tests is the best choice for the company to use? a. Cognitive Assessment System b. Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS-IV) c. Woodcock-Johnson d. Sixteen Personality Factors (16PF) 2.
In his article, “Cold War,” David Snead talks about the events that took place during the time of the Cold War. He goes into more detail about the technological advancements at the time and how people reacted towards them. Snead mentions that there was a sense of paranoia that was the result of dangers such as missiles and nuclear war - both important technological developments - that posed a risk to people’s lives. The fear that George and Lydia Hadley felt from the realistic appearance of the Veldt’s visuals, was much like the fear that people during the Cold War felt from missiles and nuclear war. They are similar in the sense that in both scenarios, technology was seen as a weapon of destruction, which makes it evident that there was fear and
Short-Term Memory, Working Memory, and Executive Functioning in Preschoolers: Longitudinal Predictors of Mathematical Achievement at Age 7 Years – Article Critique Rebecca Bull is interested in areas of cognitive psychology, in particular the role of short-term memory, working memory and executive processes in the development of pre-school children’s mathematical and reading skills which prompted her to pursue this avenue for her PhD. Published in Developmental Neuropsychology in 2008, the cited article above explores whether measures of short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning in preschool children predict later proficiency in academic achievement at 7 years of age. Article Summary Psychologists have been trying to understand the factors that establish success and failure in children in different educational fields for many years. Some main psychological functions that have been found to play important roles in educational achievement are short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning. This article provides the reader with an up-to-date review of the research that identifies how short-term memory, working memory, and executive functioning relate to academic attainment in reading and mathematics.
Abstract The aim of this study was to discover if having more distractors would affect the results of a conjunction search. The data was collected by testing 30 students in a classroom setting. The students were shown a collection of conjunction tests some with more distractors than the other and asked to write down the answers. The results of these tests supported the hypothesis. It is implied that the more distractors there are then the more time it will take to complete a conjunction search.
SPA Lab 2: Lexical Decision Making Experiment Abstract Students from Sensation, Perception, and Action class partook in the lexical decision experiment during their own personal selected times. There were 26 participants that performed the experiment and 2 participants were dropped due to technical difficulties. It was hypothesized the reaction times were expected to be faster when an associated word was displayed rather than a non-word was displayed. The influence of a non- word's meaning on lexical decision reaction time (RT) was demonstrated through one experiment. The results supported the spreading activation research question since the word relatedness was affected by the response time.
Gardner Intelligence Paper Page 1 Gardner Intelligence Paper PSY/300 General Psychology By: Jamie Berthelette April 4, 2011 Instructor: Karin Detweiler Gardner Intelligence Paper Page 2 In the recent years, intelligence has come to be recognized as multifaceted, functional, and culturally defined. According to Kowalski and Westen (2009), “intelligence is the application of cognitive skills and knowledge to learn, solve problems, and obtain ends that are valued by an individual or culture” (Kowalski, 2009). As you read further into it, she or he will learn the different ways to intelligence, especially Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences, as well as how those intelligences can change one’s life. There has been three different concepts over the years that have tried to describe intelligence. These types of concepts consist of the information-intake, the theory of multiple intelligences, and the psychometric approach.