Long-Term Socialization Goals of Bolivian Street Mothers – an Intracultural Analysis
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Long-term socialization goals of Bolivian street mothers
– an intracultural analysis
Research has suggested that parental socialization goals reflect different cultural meaning systems. Both patterns of cultural homogeinity and heterogeinity have been found within national groups.
This study deals with intracultural group differences in the relative importance of individualistic versus sociocentric childrearing values. Desirable and undesirable long-term socialization goals of 20 Bolivian street mothers and 20 sedentary mothers from La Paz in Bolivia were analyzed with a semi-structured interview, the SGI of Harwood (1992). Results indicate intracultural differences with street-mothers placing more emphasis on individualistic socialization goals and sedentary mothers placing more emphasis on sociocentric socialization goals. The implications for the culturally sensitive study of parental beliefs are discussed.
Introduction "I wished that she would reach the bachiller (high school diploma), that she would get an occupation and that she would become a doctor or something better, maybe a teacher. I would not want her to become like me. She should be a good person, understanding and being able to love. She should get along well with everybody and she should not live on the streets. She should work, yes she should work. There are girls who drink alcohol and meet on the streets, I would not want this for my daughter. These girls adapt to the streets, they take drugs and get drunk. I would not want her to be in groups with young boys either." (Excerpt from interview 6A, La Paz 2003, author’s translation)
These sentences come from a young woman who has been living on the streets for many years. Few words clarify the difficulties of her everyday life and this mother’s ambivalence when thinking