Logical Fallacies Essay

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Miller uses the character of Abby to enforce how one can use faulty logic to support incorrect accusations. There was obviously no legitimate reason to support her accusations, so Abby effectively used faulty logic to support her claims. Abby uses the face value fallacy when she is accused of lying by Mary Warren; Abby counters by saying "I have been hurt, Mr. Danforth; I have seen my blood runnin' out! I have been near murdered every day because I done my duty pointing out the Devil's people- and this is my reward? To be mistrusted, denied, questioned "(Miller 108) showing obvious disgust to the fact she was even being questioned. Her disgust is an example of the face value fallacy because her arguments were from a basis of her personal sacrifice rather than logical reason. Right after this argument, Abby again uses the face value fallacy to support her claim that Mary Warren was summoning her spirit on her in the court room "unperturbed, continuing to the "bird"; Oh, Mary this is a black art to change your shape. No, I cannot, I cannot stop my mouth; it's God's work I do here"(Miller 115) this is very flawed because, she simply puts on an act and pretends to talk to a bird; and because of the way she presents it, she gets Danforth and the court to believe her. She did not use any viable arguments, only her face value in order to support her claims. The way Abby presented information ultimately proved that faulty logic can be used to support claims that are incorrect, this logic is used because there is no real logic to support their claims. While Abby uses dangerous logic to justify her accusations, another character uses it to justify his decisions in court; as well as to deflect arguments from the defense. This man is Danforth, he uses dangerous logic in many places to get an incorrect point across especially when there is no reasonable argument to make. For

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