Locus Pocus Essay

333 Words2 Pages
Abstract This paper examines the effects of the type of loci on memory recall. The participants, 667 undergraduate students from the University of Western Sydney, were randomly allocated to the “university” loci group or the “home” loci group. They were asked to recall words that were read out to them by the experimenter and were tested on the number of words recalled correctly with and without the use of loci. Results did not support previous findings and the hypothesis; that different types of loci have affects on memory recall. However the hypothesis that the method of loci improves memory recall was supported. It was concluded that loci enhances memory recall but further studies should closely examine the limitations caused by the participants. Keywords: method of loci, memory recall The effect of the types of loci on memory recall The method of loci was first developed in the time of ancient Romans and Greeks (Roediger, 1980). It is one of the oldest mnemonic devices that introduced learning techniques that aided information retention (Moe & De Beni, 2005). The method of loci is a method of memory enhancement which uses visualisation of specific path at a familiar location, to organise and recall large amounts of information (Legge, Madan, Ng & Caplan, 2012). Moe and De Beni (2005) comprehensively redefined the method of loci in 3 applications, which involved (1) appointing and memorising a series of diverse loci along a familiar pathway; (2) forming an image for each item to be remembered, and (3) placing images of the items in the preferred loci. Comparing different methods of loci has been the subject of many studies in the past (De Beni & Cornoldi, 1985; Legge et al., 2012; Moe & De Beni 2005; Roediger, 1980), trying to determine what method is more effective and in some studies it was proven that some methods are superior to others (Moe & De Beni,
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