Literature Review

2766 WordsDec 10, 201412 Pages
According to the World Health Organisation (2003), preterm birth is the most common direct cause of newborn mortality in the world. Preterm birth and being small for gestational age (SGA) are the top reasons for low birth weight infants (LBW) and are also the major cause of neonatal deaths as per Feldman et al (2002). Feldman (2004) describes that low birth weight also contributes to 60-80% of all neonatal deaths. The global prevalence of low birth weight infants, according to Olsson et al (2012) is 15.5%, which amounts to about 20 million low birth weight infants born per year, 96.5% of them in developing countries as per Samra et al (2013) and the World health Organisation (2003). For many of these low birth weight and preterm infants, receiving prolonged medical care is highly important and these needs must be met when they are admitted in to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) or Special Care Nursery (SCN). Although medical attention is necessary for these high risk infants so is the need for love, touch, warmth, safety and security which is what they can gain from Kangaroo Mother Care or Skin-to-skin contact. Over the years, changes in neonatal care have been influenced by rapid advances in technology and treatment along with the advancement of knowledge. One such change is the implementation of kangaroo mother care or skin to skin care. Lincetto et al (2011) believes that this is an alternative approach that was introduced in view to the lack of adequate incubators for low birth weight babies in developing countries, the lack of adequately skilled staff, the high cost of purchasing equipment, spare parts, maintenance and repairs and more often than not the high cost of electricity to run the equipment. Kangaroo care was initially developed in Colombia by neonatologists Dr. Hector and Edges, as explained by Feldman et al (2002) and started as a solution for

More about Literature Review

Open Document