Literature Review

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Literature Review A PAPER SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NURS5133 IN THE GRADUATE SCHOOL OF THE Prairie View A&M University College of Nursing By JOHN SIMMONS, BSN, RN HOUSTON, TEXAS September 23, 2012 JOANN BLAKE, PhD., RN, CNE Introduction Diabetes Mellitus (DM) has been defined as a group of heterogeneous disorders that have glucose intolerance in common and described as a syndrome typified by chronic hyperglycemia and other disorders of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism (McCance & Huether, 2010). DM affects millions of people around the world and is a major risk factor in many common diseases. In order to help cope with this disease the American Diabetes Association has set diet recommendations and guidelines for diabetic sufferers to follow (Maisharah, Baidi Bahari, & Wasef Gillani, 2011). However, surveys have shown that dietary non-compliance is a serious healthcare concern and severely compromises the effectiveness of diabetes treatment (Khan et al., 2012). Traditionally diabetics are given diabetic counseling and education along with written literature covering dietary recommendations but there is clearly a need for farther intervention. Discoveries from this literature review uncover what has been investigated concerning diet and compliance in DM. The purpose and results as well as recommendations in these studies are also explored and discussed. Literature Review Stewart et al. (2007) evaluated the study “Diabetes En America Latina” (DEAL), to observe the quality of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) care and control provided by general practitioners in private practices in Latin America. By not using public physicians could cause limitations to the study. The DEAL study was a multicenter, cross sectional, epidemiological survey done in nine different countries in Latin

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