The stories utilize verbal irony to convey the sense of something more than the statement at face value, dramatic irony to feel the true ignorant and untrusting natures of the characters, and lastly situational irony as a medium for the former to glide through and provide the kick to the plot of the story. Sarcasm and other verbal elements would be used in “The Lottery” and many more within the brilliant writing of The Crucible. It can be seen more commonly with the interactions between John Proctor and his wife, Elizabeth Proctor, where it is noted earlier in the book that he has cheated on her with Abigail Williams and now they face an uneasy relationship because of it. The book portrays an excellent scene of irony when John must recite his commandments: Proctor: “... Thou shalt not bear false witness. [He is stuck.
Bullshit is Foolish, deceitful, or boastful language. In the essay On Bullshit Harry Frankfurt gives the definition of Humbug from the essay by Max Black, The Prevalence of Humbug. In the essay Black’s definition is “Humbug: deceptive misrepresentation, short of lying, especially by pretentious word or deed, of somebody’s own thoughts, feelings, or attitudes.” According to Frankfurt this definition is very similar to bullshit. Frankfurt goes on to discuss the different elements of this definition to help understand the meaning of bullshit as well. He begins by discussing deceptive misrepresentation.
In an absurdist novel, their is no traditional plot structure. Traditionally absurd moments occur threw out the whole novel where a character’s personal views and meaning is destroyed and they are forced to come up with other meanings and to reconstruct their personal views. The plague and Hitchhiker’s guide to the galaxy are both absurdist fiction novels which attempt to influence reader’s views by depictions of the meaning of life, portraying various attempts and failures by characters to find meaning. Absurdist authors generally have a strong idea of what the meaning of life is. There are two main ideas which are focused around the works of absurdist fiction.
‘The Yellow Wall-Paper’ Argues without Argument ‘The Yellow Wall-Paper’ is a complex short story told though the point of view of a sarcastic and insane protagonist, who has rapidly changing ideas about her surroundings, other characters and even her own psychological state. Because of this, readers may come to a variety of conclusions about major plot points and themes. Puzzled, readers will identify the piece as a horror story—a vivid portrayal of insanity with unsettling realism. This is indeed the conscious conclusion that Charlotte Perkins Gilman intends for her readers to form. However, the piece is so much more than a simple horror story; it is a deceptively hidden but powerful essay on female equality and marriage, two topics about which Gilman wrote frequently.
“The Cask of Amontillado” is regarded as a dark and mysterious story, because of Poe’s effective use of irony. Edgar Allen Poe uses the three forms of irony—verbal, dramatic, and situational—in his short story “The Cask of Amontillado” to create a mood of sinister suspense. Verbal irony is used in the form of words, when
Twain portrays society as uneducated and uncivilized in order to force change and create conversation. One of the most unique aspects of Twain’s work is the large amount of both satire and exaggeration. He uses exaggeration to emphasise both what is right and what is wrong. He also uses exaggeration to refer to the “different rights for different people” attitude of this time period. Mark Twain can be referred to as a “Satirist”, (bachelorandmaster.com) setting specific satires through Jim, Huck, and Finn.
‘Why is Sixty Lights worthy of critical study and inclusion on the HSC Prescriptions List for module B- Critical Study of Text?’ The novel Sixty Lights has been included on the HSC Prescriptions List for Module B because it is worthy for critical study as it is a diverse piece of literature covering significant topics that have been ignored in the modern world. We enter the lyrical and image-laden world of Sixty Lights. It’s a tale, resplendent in colour and imagery, set across two worlds - the constrained and stilted world of Victorian England, and the chaotic danger and abandon of India. Gail Jones creates literature, like Shakespeare, but in this particular piece explores the significance behind photographs and what they represent.
The use of literary devices “Nobody really wants to hear what you have to say.” This is an example of syntax from the excerpt from Speak. It shows that the character uses formal language. Not only is there syntax but there is also diction and imagery. Diction, imagery, and syntax are all literary devices that present coming of age. Other authors like Sandra Cisneros, Gary Soto, Laurie Halse Anderson, and Luis Rodriguez use these three literary devices to portray coming of age.
Frankenstein driven by romantic imagery and set in historic context, that analysis the European divide in society perpetuated by superficiality. Contrastingly Blade Runner is consumed by commercialism that reflects the dystopian globalised world that omits normal societal values and morals. Both texts challenge the morality of artificial creation that is motivated by the characters' relentless ambition. The texts employ techniques such as allusions and tactical characterisation to depict the disconnection to nature and the manipulated visions of the characters as well as introducing the question of 'what it means to be human?' Character is emblematic of the ideas within the both texts.
World Literature I (ENGL 2111.08) October 17, 2012 Irony What is Irony? Irony is incongruity between the actual result of a sequence of events and the normal or expected result or an event and result marked by such incongruity. It can also mean the incongruity between a situation developed in a drama and the accompanying words or actions that is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play. The works of the Odyssey, Oedipus and Jataka are full of ironic content. Some of the works have verbal, dramatic and situational irony.