literary naturalism Essay

5930 Words24 Pages
Table of Contents 1. Introduction……………………………………………………………………………………2 2. Naturalism……………………………………………………………………………………..5 2.1. Ontological Naturalism…………………………………………………………………...7 2.1.1. Making a Causal Difference……………………………………............................7 2.1.2. Modern Science and Causal Influence……………………………………………8 2.1.3. Naturalism and Physicalism……………………………………………………..10 2.2. Methodological Naturalism……………………………………………………………..12 2.2.1. Philosophy and Science………………………………………………………….12 3. Literary Naturalism in the United States…………………………………………………….14 4. Conclusion…………………………………………………………………………………...18 Introducing Naturalism Naturalism, in essence, is simply the idea that human beings are completely included in the natural world there is nothing supernatural about us. Naturalism is based on science as the best, most reliable means for discovering what exists. Science shows that each and every aspect of a human being comes from and is completely connected to the natural world, and is understandable in terms of those connections. Naturalism focuses our attention on what works, increasing self-efficacy and encouraging science-based, progressive social policies in areas such as criminal justice, social inequality, behavioral health, and the environment. People don’t create themselves, so their responsibility for their character and behavior isn’t ultimately theirs, but is distributed over the many factors that created them. After all, were we given their environmental and genetic conditions, we would have become what they are, and acted just as they did. This insight provides the basis for a naturalistic ethics of empathy and compassion that guides personal behavior and grounds effective social policy. The term naturalism describes a type of literature that attempts to apply scientific principles of objectivity and detachment to its

More about literary naturalism Essay

Open Document