Literary Devices in Macbeth

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Literary Devices In Macbeth

In the play Macbeth by William Shakespeare, Shakespeare uses literary devices to portray evil and the idea of supernatural. Shakespeare uses pathetic fallacy to mirror what is going on, foreshadow to build up the suspense of the unknown, and symbolism to represent a deeper hidden meaning, Shakespeare uses pathetic fallacy throughout the play to mirror what is going on. The use of weather and nature in the play depends on what is happening. “I heard the owl scream and the crickets cry.” (Shakespeare, 2.2. 21) Pathetic fallacy helps to set the mood of evil and give the scene a more intense feeling for the audience. Lady Macbeth realizes that something bad has happened and the pathetic fallacy sets an evil mood because there is so much evil that even nature reacted. While a storm is raging, Ross and an old man talk about how things have been weird lately. The weather helps set a mysterious mood to this discussion, with the use of thunder and lightning. “Is't night's predominance, or the day's shame, / That darkness does the face of earth entomb.”(Shakespeare, 2.4. 9-10) Ross talks about how the night has taken over the day light, in other words darkness is taking over all the good that was once there and soon there will be no light left, so evil will take over all the good. Pathetic fallacy plays a huge role in this play. It brings out the supernatural element much more with the use of thunder and darkness, which also gives off an evil vibe, pathetic fallacy also makes these scenes much more intense and mysterious because the use of the thunder and lightning usually appears when an evil act is about to take place. Shakespeare uses foreshadowing in the play to build up the suspense of the unknown, and hint at events that might take place in the future. “In deepest consequence. - / Cousins a word, I pray you.”(Shakespeare,
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