Literary Criticism Essay

821 WordsDec 16, 20144 Pages
Assignment of Literary Criticism | What according to Aristotle, should be the structure of a fine plot? How can a well knit plot be constructed according to Aristotle? | Submitted to Ms. Rabiya Aamir. | Huma Adnan 10/4/2014 | In true essence, the Greeks deserve credit not only for the first great plays, but also the first principles of criticism and of dramatic construction. In the history of Greeks, after Sophocles, a great philosopher and teacher Aristotle was born to become not only the spokesperson of Greek dramatic criticism but also the authority in history of literature. He not only scrutinized the plays of the fifth century but of also of his own period. His most important contribution to English literature is the rules he laid down for the construction of tragedy. According to Aristotle, definition of tragedy is “Tragedy then, is an imitation of action that is serious, complete, and of certain magnitude; in language embellished with each kid of artistic ornament, the several kinds being found in separate parts of the play; in the form of action not of narrative; with incidents arousing pity and fear, where with to accomplish its Katharsis of such emotions”. Aristotle specified sic basic elements of the tragedy; * Plot * Character * Diction * Thought/reasoning * Ornament of spectacle * Song In Aristotle’s opinion, the greatest tragedy was ‘Oedipus the king’ by Sophocles as it fulfils the entire requirement. The plot and chorus are beautifully managed, the use of language, irony of the situation and the dignity of conception as whole makes it a perfect tragedy. Out of the six elements of tragedy Aristotle gives great importance to the plot, putting it above character and thought, the plot is the soul of a tragedy must arouse the emotions of pity and fear and bring about the catharsis of these emotions. The most forceful

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