Literary Analysis: Modernism

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Literary analysis: Modernism Between the late 19th century and early 20th century, modernism was a movement in arts, cultural tendencies, and associated cultural movements which centered around Europe. It was shaped by the development of industries, growth of cities and the negative effects of World War I. Modernists rejected the Enlightenment era thinking and realism like the romantics. Also, they combined the idea of idealist and realist instead of taking one side like the Romantics and the Victorians. The short novella “Heart of Darkness” by Joseph Conrad the modern novelist was considered as the beginning of the “Early Modernism” because the author described and mentioned many stories with modern themes and content in a modernist literature tones and forms. The novella “Heart of Darkness” was considered as the beginning of the “Early Modernism”. It is a novella written in 1899. It reflected the absurdity of slavery and negativity. In the novella the protagonist Marlow talks about his past experience in Africa where he meets the “amazing” Mr. Kurtz. Although he is indicated as the “amazing” Mr. Kurtz, readers find out at the end that Mr. Kurtz was the one with the dark heart. “Heart of Darkness” does not reveal its meaning in digestible morsels, like the kernel of a nut. Rather, its meanings evade the interpreter; they are larger than the story itself. ( research) “Heart of Darkness” is about savagery, racism, slavery, harshness. The story is an exploration of the difference between the savagery and civilization, and the colonialism and the racism which makes the imperialism possible. So it connects directly to modernism because modernism shows all the terrible and harmful destruction of the nature and the society. Heart of darkness’ style was very wordy and long, and the modernist literature style was also the same.

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