Lit Terms Essay

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Sammie Burks Period. 1 Honors English 11 September 11th, 2013 Literary Term Handbook Diction Formal: Style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words Own: the way a person speaks or writes by the words they choose to use Examples: 1. “That laid my goods now in the dust. Yes, so it was, and so ‘twas just” (Bradstreet 29). 2. “Your wickedness makes you as it were heavy as lead, and to tend downward with great weight and pressure toward hell;” (Edwards 47). Both Bradstreet and Edwards diction are based off of the lives or situations they are in. Bradstreet being her puritan based life and Edwards being very angry and vengeful toward the listeners of his sermon or the “unpure” puritans. Concrete Formal: Constituting an actual thing or instance Own: When a word has established a real thing or occurrence of something using specific details Examples: 1. “The devil is waiting for them, hell is gaping for them, the flames gather and flash about them, and would fain lay hold on them, and swallow them up; the fire pent up in their own hearts is struggling to break out” (Edwards 46). 2. “Of dried codfish, the green plantains hanging in stalks like votive offerings” (Cofer 1079). Both quotes are examples of concrete language because they are using words to create a real or true physical feeling for the reader/listeners. Abstract Formal: Expressing a quality or characteristic apart from any specific object or instance, as justice, poverty, and speed Own: When there is a element that isn’t a specific object, detail, or feeling Examples: 1. “And uncovenanted, unobliged forbearance of an incensed god” (Edwards 47). 2. “That fearful sound of ‘Fire!’ and ‘Fire’” (Bradstreet 29) ! The first quote is expressing the word incensed which means angered or enraged and the second quote is showing how the dreadful word fire strikes fear into people.

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