The most common treatment for these infections, caused by Staphylococcus aureus is the antibiotics. There are many kinds of antibiotics using in the modern days, but the first kind of antibiotic being introduced for treating Staphylococcus aureus was Penicillin in 1943. This kind of antibiotic stops the formation of peptidoglycan cross-linkages that makes the bacterial cell well stronger. This eventually makes the cell wall formation and degradation become imbalanced, consequently lead to the cell to die. Other kinds of antibiotic were quick introduced for treating Staphylococcus as well.
In February 2006, Emily Jerry, a two-year old child was at a Cleveland hospital to complete her last series of chemotherapy treatment. Her doctor ordered intravenous chemotherapy solution that was filled incorrectly by a pharmacy technician. The prescription called for 1% saline; however, a lethal amount of 23% saline was given instead, causing her to slip into a coma resulting in death. Eric Cropp, who was the supervising pharmacist signed off on the technician’s work despite her informing him that the mixture did not look right; nonetheless, he approved it. The pharmacy was so busy that day and short staffed, which led to a preventable fatal error that changed Eric’s whole life in a matter of seconds.
Explain The Reasons For The Evolution Of Antibiotic Resistance Among Pathogens And Discuss Solutions. Antibiotics were first discovered in 1928 by Alexander Fleming. Fleming was a professor of bacteriology at St Mary’s Hospital, London and carried out research into possible antibacterial agents. He worked predominately with Staphylococcus aureus and discovered, almost by chance, that some microbes produce antibiotics when he noticed that a small area of a discarded culture plate was free from the mould that covered the rest of the plate. He named the resulting substance Penicillin, and 5 years later it became the first usable antibiotic.
In 1928, a Scottish biologist named Alexander Fleming made a serendipitous discovery of the antibiotic penicillin. On observation of the Staphylococci culture plates left for several weeks, he noticed contamination by fungi (Brown, 2005). Around the fungi moulds were zones of inhibition, suggestive of an agent or substance containing anti-bacterial properties being produced it. During further analysis, he realised that only the Penicillium mould produces this substance. The substance was then consequently named Penicillin and became available on the market in 1942 (Brown, 2005).
The Bleeding Time (BT) was introduced as a tool for predicting the risk of bleeding in relation to surgery. Test the vascular integrity, qualitative and quantitative defects of platelets. Principle: The Ivy method is the traditional method for carrying out this test. In the Ivy method, a blood pressure cuff is placed on the upper arm and inflated to 40 mmHg. A disposable lancet is used to make two separate cuts into the forearm usually 5-10cm apart in quick succession.
There are two vaccines (Gardisil and Cervaix) that are given to year 8 girls to prevent HPV. “This vaccine is said to save an estimate of 400 women each year .” A pathogen is a biological agent that causes diseases or illness to its host A cancer is a term used for diseases in which abnormal cells divide without control and are able to invade other tissues. Cancer cells can spread to other parts of the body through the blood and lymph system. Cancer is a problem to body because it can spread and then takes over parts of the body that carries out essential functions A vaccine protects your body from specific diseases that make you become very ill, disabled or even kill you. The way the HPV vaccine works is by using an inactive form of the virus.
The second writing technique that the author uses is historical. When it comes to talk about history that polio creates, it is important to mention historic facts. For example, in the Unites States, polio struck down nearly 58,000 children in 1952 alone (paragraph 30). Also, in 1961, thirty years after Albert Sabin began studying polio; his oral vaccine was introduced in the Unites States and distributed widely. In the nearly forty years since, polio has been eradicated in the western Hemisphere, The World Health Organization reported, adding that with a full scale effort, polio could be eliminated from the rest of the world by the
Other people died due to machine which supplied carbon monoxide to face mask. The first machine was used to Janet Adkins in 1989, who suffered from Alzheimer`s disease. Jack Kevorkian assisted patients with instructions how to use devices, without personal intervention. His practice was strictly opposed by the American Medical Association (Hosseini, 2012). There were raising numbers of suicides in Michigan at the beginning of 90s.
We have already stopped Joe Camel so we will use our experience with him to apprehend “The Killer Clown”. Forty years ago lung cancer and other diseases plagued the United States, creating a major health problem. So in 1965 the U.S. Congress came up with the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act, which banned all advertising of cigarettes in the broadcast media, and also required a health warning on all tobacco products. Four years later the Congress created the Public Health Cigarette Smoking Act, which banned smoking in certain places, made buying cigarettes harder for children, and also significantly increased excise taxes on tobacco (Engelhard). These Acts where put into place because the health of the American people was at stake and in my opinion this is what needs to be done to fast food.
Baily Murphy 27 Analytical Paper Water Fluoridation “Fluoridation is the greatest case of scientific fraud of this century, if not of all time,” -Dr. Robert Carton, former US Environmental Protection Agency worker (Groves, 2001). The food you eat, the water you drink, and the air you breathe is contaminated with a toxic amount of sodium fluoride that is placed in the public water supply by the U.S. government (Murphy, 2008, p. 22). Doctors prescribe fluoride supplements to you and your children, because it is known to prevent cavities. Fluoride enters your body every single day, but it never exits. It accumulates in your bones and will most likely be related to the cause of your death (Sauerheber, 2011).