Week 2 Cases C4-4 and C5-1 Carlos Carmona January 22, 2012 Benedictine University C4-4 Please See Attached Excel Document C5-1 1. Which company was the more profitable in 2006? (Hint: Compare ROE and ROA performance for the two grocery retailers.) Concentrating first thing on a comparing ROE, the Kroger Company performed better than Safeway in 2006. This is because Kroger’s ROE was 23.9% in comparison to 16.4% for Safeway.
These ratios will be calculated from the income statement, balance sheet and statement of cash flows Liquidity Liquidity Ratios measure a company’s ability to meet its short-term debt obligations without disrupting normal operation. The higher the ratio the better a company will be at meeting its short-term obligations as well as have extra cash to cover any unforeseen cash requirements. The liquidity measures we will use are the current ratio, current cash debt ratio, inventory turnover, average days in inventory, receivable turnover ratio and average collection period. The current ratio measures the company’s ability to pay its short-term liabilities (payables and debt) with short-term assets (cash, receivables and inventory). Tootsie Roll exceeds its ability to meet short-term debt obligations with $3.45 in current assets for every $1 in current liabilities.
The net cash inflow and cash outflow are calculated using sales and production figures for the next 8 years. The unit cost from the first year is £0.89 which is the cost per mashing without depreciation and divided by 13,000 bottles. From this information provided, the cost will increase by 3.5% and also the selling price will increase by 4% every year (reference 4). These figures are based on the current rate inflation of 4% which is shown in appendix 9 The capital allowances are worked out on cased of 20% (Reference 5) and the annual investment allowance is £100,000 is available (Reference 6) in the first year which is restricted to £87,359. This figure is substrated from the acquisition giving a result of £332,641 which is the written down value.
Financial Analysis * The tax rate is approximately 30% 5.618.8=29.79% 5.418.1=29.83% 5.418=30% * Based on the industry average, a sports store of similar size should be making around $21000 or 67% more profitable than Rhodes’ store. * Assuming the lots are of the same size and bear the same tax burden, if the unused lot is sold off property taxes would be reduced by $6000 at the 2008 rate. All else being equal, this would increase net profit by 6000×0.30=$1800, for a total of $14400. Profit as a percentage of sales would increase from 2.1% to 2.4%. * Of the $18400 Rhodes made in mortgage payments last year, $8000 was interest.
The ROE for Sepracor is 33.07%, which means that 33.07 cents of assets are created for each dollar that was originally invested. It measures how Sepracor is using its money. The higher the return on equity, the more funds available to be invested in improving business operations without having to invest more capital. Debt to asset ratio measures the company’s solvency, and the higher the ratio, the lower the borrowing capacity for the company. I would make an investment in the company’s 5% convertible bonds.
Inversely, when a share repurchase is seen as treasury stock, the cost of the treasury stock is naturally disclosed as a decrease in total shareholders’ equity. Alcoa would report the purchase of the treasury stock by debiting treasury stock and crediting cash for the charge of the purchase. The treasury stock ought to be disclosed independently in the shareholders' equity area of Alcoa’s balance sheet as an unallocated cut of shareholders' equity. These shares are treated as issued although not part of common stock outstanding. If subsequently resold for a sum larger than the cost, Alcoa should report for the sale of the treasury stock by debiting cash for the sale cost, crediting treasury stock for cost, and crediting additional paid-in capital from repurchased stock for the excess of the selling price over the cost.
Liquidity Ratio Calculations: Current Ratio = Current Assets / Current Liabilities $147,800 / $90,283 = $1.637:1 Acid-Test Ratio = (Cash + Short-Term Investments + Net Receivables) / Current Liabilities $89,664 + $0 + $51,869 / $90,283 = $1.567:1 Receivables Turnover = Net Credit Sales / Average Receivables ($1,109,295 - $89,664) / [($51,869 + $81,557) / 2] = 15.283 *Average Collection Period = 365 / 15.283 = 23.883 Days When evaluating Huffman Trucking’s ability to pay off short-term debt and maturing obligations, it’s imperative to analyze the company’s liquidity. Utilizing the current ratio to analyze liquidity, which compares all current assets to current liabilities,
Liquidity Ratios Liquidity ratios provide information about a firm's ability to meet its short-term financial obligations. The current ratio is the ratio of current assets to current liabilities: Current Ratio | = | Current Assets | | Current Liabilities | | * Interpretation: Current ratio comes from total assets divided by current liabilities. Current assets include cash, accounts and notes receivable (less reserves for bad debts), advances on inventories, merchandise inventories, and marketable securities. This ratio measures the degree to which current assets cover current liabilities. The higher the ratio the more assurance exists that the retirement of current liabilities can be made.
Fin 517 Ch. 15 Notes Debt and Taxes 15.1 The Interest Tax Deduction 1. interest tax shield – additional amount that a firm would have paid in taxes if it did not have leverage. Interest tax shield = corporate tax return X interest payments 2. because interest expense is tax deductible, leverage increases the total amount of income available to all investors 15.2 Valuing the Interest Tax Shield 1. when a firm uses debt, the interest tax shield provides a corporate tax benefit each year. 2. Because the cash flows of the levered firm are equal to the sum of the cash flows from the unlevered firm plus the interest tax shield, by the Law of One Price the same must be true for the present values of these cash flows.
The gross profit ratio (gross profit divided by net sales) also indicates how well selling prices provide for expenses in an organization (Kimmel, Weygandt, & Kieso, 2009). The return on assets ratio (net income divided by average total assets) indicates how well an organization employs its assets. The asset turnover ratio (net sales divided by average total assets) further indicates asset utilization to produce sales (Kimmel, Weygandt, & Kieso, 2009). TRI profitability ratios are presented in Table Three, below. Ratio analysis for TRI illustrates conservative debt levels and ability to service additional debt.