He was born as the property of the Peter Blow family since his parents were both slaves. The United States took possession of Missouri in 1804 and after much dispute on whether or not it would be a slavery state, an agreement known as the Missouri Compromise came about. This caused a balance in the number of free vs. slave states. Due to Missouri being located in the middle of what was freedom and slavery, there were major problems arising. The Blow family relocated to St. Louis in 1830 and then ran into some financial problems, which caused them sell Dred Scott to Dr. John Emerson.
The Missouri Compromise The Missouri Compromise was one of the first signs of political controversy between souther states and northern states over power struggle. It resulted with congress making a cutoff at the 36 60 parallels and saying no one north will enter into the union as a slave state. This was done with the help of two men, Tallmadge and Thomas. The Missouri Compromise started as a dispute between whether or not Missouri should come into the Union as a slave state or a non-slave state. At this time there was a struggle between northern states(anti-slave states) and southern states(slave states).
The primary motivation for the secession of the southern states was their belief that their rights given to them under the constitution were being taken away by the northern controlled federal government and the new regionally dominated Republican Party. Many argue that the main reason the South seceded from the union was only over the issue of slavery. The South thought that the new Republican Party and the newly elected president, President Lincoln, were going to abolish slavery in the South. Although this may be, for the most part true, it is not the sole reason for the South’s decision to secede. The four states that seceded later in 1861, had at first voted against secession on the sole basis over the issue of slavery.
How accurate are they? a. Part of the regional tensions were due the northern delegates wanting to end slavery and the southern delegates wanting to increase slavery .Mason of Virginia was against slavery, he felt the government should have more power over slavery. His predictions are pretty accurate. Ellsworth from Connecticut considered in moral light, ought to free those already in the country.
President Polk, a believer in the Manifest Destiny, provoked a war with Mexico in order to obtain more territory. At the conclusion of the war with Mexico, in 1848, the United States had obtained New Mexico, California, and Texas north of the Rio Grande from the treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. A conflict arose between the Northerners and Southerners to decide whether the states should be free states of slave states. “The Treaty did nothing to settle the question of slavery in the new territory, however. Mexico had abolished the institution two decades earlier; would the United States reintroduce it?
Prompt: In the early 19th century, Americans sought to resolve their political disputes through compromise, yet by 1860 this no longer seemed possible. Analyze the reasons for this change. As time passed the rapidly changing society in the nineteenth century of development and growth, Americans witnessed a threat to the Union. The nation was founded by compromises of the past founding fathers, and since that time, compromise has kept the nation together. During this time, the north underwent major social, economic, and industrial changes known as the Antebellum Period.
Elected to Illinois State Legislature (1834) 4. Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1847-1848) 5. Lawyer (1836) IV. Presidential Term: (1861-1865) V. Issues of the Election: Slavery was a big issue of the election of 1860. Stephen Douglas ran on the idea that slavery needed to be abolished while Lincoln was a free soiler.
This meant that individuals had to act in a manner that they were morally opposed to. The second thing that caused tension between the north and south was over the Transcontinental Railroad. In the early 1850s there was a talk about building a railroad to help out northerners and southerners, then finally all agreed to make a railroad. But a disagreement about where the route would be, for the northerners they would want the route to be west eastern and end in Chicago. And for the southerners they wanted the route to be west eastern and end in New Orleans, then decided to create a railroad threw Oregon and California from the east to the west coast.
The Mexican cession disrupted the balance, which suggests that the Missouri compromise wasn’t successful in minimalizing divisions between north and south. As it could be argued that the compromise actually avoided the issue that caused division in the first place when the debate about the territories gained in the Mexican war should be free soil or slave state. The Missouri compromise was successful because its aim was to maintain the free soil/slave state balance in congress as the north feared the southern majority in congress would vote to the expansion of slavery and the south feared that northern majority in congress would vote to abolish slavery. By using the idea that for every free state, there is a slave state, there is a balance in congress. For example the free soil states were Maine, Michigan, Iowa and Louisiana and the slaves states were Missouri, Arkansas, Florida and Texas.
During the Mexican War, conflict started about what would happen with the new territories that American gained from winning the war. David Wilmot proposed the Wilmot Proviso in 1846 which would ban slavery in the new lands. However, The Compromise of 1850 was created by Henry Clay and others to deal with the balance between slave and Free states. Another issue that was very important to the up-coming Civil War was the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854. It created two new territories that would allow the states to use popular sovereignty to determine whether they would be free or slave.