A melting point will be ran on the aspirin when completely dry. A capillary tube containing the dry aspirin will be placed into the melting-point apparatus. This process is to determine the melting point range of aspirin. First, a hot water bath was created with a 400. mL beaker on a hot plate. The temperature was raised to 70 degrees Celsius and 4.419 g of salicylic acid was measured out on a balance and transferred into a 125. mL Erlenmeyer flask.
Extraction and Drying: Using a separatory funnel, the cooled filtrate was extracted with 10ml of methylene chloride. After shaking our mixture, we broke and dried our emulsion by slowing passing the lower layer through a cotton ball layered with anhydrous magnesium sulfate. The extraction process was repeated 2 more times for maximum collection of the organic layer. Distillation: The extracts were poured into a 50ml round bottle flask and connected to a simple distillation apparatus. To obtain the caffeine, the methylene chloride was removed from the extract, leaving us with our solid caffeine residue.
Neutralization Osaji Obi 3/28/2013 Introduction The objective of this experiment is to determine the neutralization curves for weak monoprotic and polyprotic acids, and to learn potentiometric pH measurement. Pka is also needed to be determined by the equation of –log(Ka). To find that we use half neutralization and titration with a strong acid. Procedure The solution is diluted to the mark with distilled water. A burette with the standardized NaOH solution is filled.
Five drops of hydrochloric acid were dropped into a well. 3. Into a clean dropper, antacid A was drew and dropped into the hydrochloric acid and mixed thoroughly with a clean stirring rod. 4. The pH of the solution was then taken by using Ph paper.
Gently stir the pellets until the acid is dissolved by shaking the the apparatus. Lift the calorimeter lid and wash out its contents and the thermometer. Repeat this experiment using 50.0 mL of 1.0M acetic acid. Repeat experiment using 25.0 mL of each 2.0M sodium hydroxide and 2.0M acetic acid. Data Table(s): Reaction equation Mass of solid NaOH Initial Temp.
Specific Heat of a Metal Michael Diaz Ms. Zhort Performed: October 3, 2013 Due: October 24, 2013 Period: 1 Lab Partner: Rocco & Asha Objective: This lab was meant to teach us how to find the specific heat of a metal sample. Materials: * Specific heat set * Balance * Thermometer * Tap Water * Hot plate * Polystyrene cup and a lid * Stirring rod * 250 mL beaker * String (about 15 cm) Procedure: 1. Fill a 250 mL beaker approximately half full of water. Place the beaker of water on a hot plate. Begin heating the water to the boiling point.
Add two drops of food coloring to the beaker of distilled water and mix thoroughly. Measure out a dropperful of bleach into a plastic pipet and set it aside until Step 8. 6. Calibrate the colorimeter a. Prepare a blank by filling an empty cuvette ¾ full with distilled water.
* Pour a little ether over the nutmeg residue on the filter paper so that any Diethyl ethanol traces clinging to it is washed down and mixed with the filtered liquid underneath. * Filter the mixture by gravity filtration, washing the nutmeg residue with 10ml of diethyl ether. Evaporate the Ether from the filtrate * Recrystallize the product from ethanol. Filter using a Buchner funnel and wash them with cold water as shown in the diagram (see figure 2). * Let the crystals dry for one week, record the weight and take a sample and put into a glass capillary tube to obtain a melting point using the Melt-Temp machine.
The graduated cylinder will collect the distillate. Make sure to leave area between the end of the distillation take-off and the cylinder so that you can see the drops of distillate leave the distillation apparatus. All experiments will be done using the Celsius temperature scale. Notice that the temperature displays in the neck of the round bottom flask. Step 2.
The mixture was decanted again in to the same beaker. Next, we added boiling chips to the liquid and evaporated the solvent over the hot plates under the hood. After the solvent was evaporated and the flask was cooled, we used a spatula to remove a small amount of the crude product and took its melting point. We determined the melting point range of the sample to be 43.0-46.0 degrees Celcius.The crude product was yellow colored when it was warm and orange in color when cooled and sticky. We then recrystallized our sample using 5 ml of warm acetone that was heated on a hot plate under a hood.