Hamilcar developed a base for Carthage in southern Spain, which helps explain the geography and transalpine adventure of the Second Punic War. When Hamilcar died, his son-in-law Hasdrubel took over, but when Hasdrubel died, 7 years later, in 221, the army appointed Hannibal general of the forces of Carthage in Spain. People considered Hannibal “Great”: Hannibal retained his reputation as a formidable opponent and great military leader even after Carthage lost the Punic Wars. Hannibal colors the popular imagination because of his treacherous trek with elephants across the Alps to face the Roman army. By the time the Carthaginian troops had finished the mountain crossing, he had about 50,000 troops and 6000 horsemen with which to face and defeat the Romans' 200,000.
Caesar was given a crown three times and the people wanted him to have it, but all three times he rejected it to look good in front of the people. Brutus never wants a dictator for the republic because his father worked hard to keep Rome a republic: “My ancestors did from the streets of Rome the Tarquin drive when he was called a king” (Shakespeare 56-57). Cassius’ father was a noble man and when someone tried to put himself as a king, the fathers of Cassius and Brutus ended up killing him. Cassius wanted to do the same ‘heroic’ deed as his father in killing Caesar. Because of the uprising led by Brutus’ father, Cassius and Brutus conspire to do the same thing.
When he was released he collected a naval force then found the pirates, and killed them(Bruns 23-34).” This ordeal shows that Caesar had a lot of influence for a private citizen holding no power in a political office. Caesar went back to Rome in 72 B.C., where he was made a military tribune. He then became a quaestor and used this position with the army in Spain in 69 B.C. He was a quaestor in western Spain. After that he returned to Rome and married Sulla’s granddaughter named Pompeia.
Scipio was now old enough to stand for the Aedileship in 148 BC. The soldiers had also been busy writing letters home telling of the blunders of the present campaign and the exploits of Scipio, and that it is their desire that he be sent back to Carthage as consul. A tribune declared that it is the will of the people and a veto would be used if Scipio was not consul so as a precedent had been set back in the battle of Pylus, a law was repelled for a year and senate declared that ‘Let the laws sleep today’. Scipio was allowed also to conscript and enlist as many volunteers from the allies as he needed . During the election it should also be noted that censors were also elected and the laws were still asleep as L
Why Did the Roman Republic Collapse? Keven Johnson Professor L. Reams History-1 70006 10 December 2012 Why Did the Roman Republic Collapse? The Roman republic was founded following the deposition of the last king of Rome. It was said that the Romans, tired of the tyranny of a monarchy, vowed that a king would never again rule Rome. This occurred sometime around 509 BC, and led to the creation of a new form of government called a republic.1 However, as the centuries passed, the republican dream slowly began to fade.
* He removed the King of Armenia from his throne, giving Parthia opportunity to gain control: DESTABILISED THE EASTERN SITUATION Mauretania * His actions in Africa were provocative. Gaius decided to annex client kingdom Mauretania, and ordered the King, Ptolemy to come to Rome and suicide. * In Africa he reduced the senatorial proconsul to the status of a civil authority in Carthage stripping the senate of it’s military power, and assigned his troops to an imperial legate. War and conflict rose up amongst the people of Mauretania, and Gaius handed on to Claudius a legacy of trouble. Client Kingdoms * He restored some friendly kings and princes to their former thrones and found kingdoms for others he favoured.
He served with distinction, winning the Civic Crown for his part in the Siege of Mytilene. On a mission to Bithynia to secure the assistance of King Nicomedes's fleet, he spent so long at his court that rumors of an affair with the king arose, which Caesar would vehemently deny for the rest of his life.  Ironically, the loss of his priesthood had allowed him to pursue a military career, as the high priest of Jupiter was not permitted to touch a horse, sleep three nights outside his own bed or one night outside Rome, or look upon an army.  Hearing of Sulla's death in 78 BC, Caesar felt safe enough to return to Rome. Lacking means since his inheritance was confiscated, he acquired a modest house in Subura, a lower-class neighborhood of Rome.
During this war in Gaul Caesar only lost two battles in that nine years, and he conquered the area he wanted. Although celebrations were held in Rome for Caesar and his victories not everyone celebrated it. Pompey Julius’s son in law became suspicious of Caesar and because of that Pompey grew an alliance with the conservatives. In 49 B.C., Caesar was ordered to give up his army by the conservatives. But Julius had no intention in doing so because it would leave him defenseless.
News reached him that the tribune_s veto against Pompey_s legislation had been disallowed, and that they had fled the city. Caesar knew that if he resigned his command on his army, that he would be immediately prosecuted for his actions in 59 BC. The only manouvere he could see which would enable him to continue to be free, was to enter Italy with his legions and defend his honour and reputation. OUTLINE THE CONSTITUTIONAL POSITION OF CAESAR IN THE PERIOD 49-44 BC Between 49-44 BC, Caesar became more and more autocratic, until the oligarchy government Rome had desperately tried to achieve for so long became a one man dictatorship. It began small, with a dictatorship lasting only 11 days, until in 44 BC he was given this position for life.
Crassus’s decision to crucify the remained people. Huge history of people being crucified, Alexander the great Persian Kings, this was something that hadn’t happened in such a mass amount at one time. 500 people a day crucified, 90 000 crucification s, the Romans used crucification, not just a way to kill their prisoners, dominance, fear. Rather than be heading, long statement to make, someone hanging for days/weeks/maybe even months, crucification tolerated them as a grim necessity. Revenge then deterrence, inflicted upon the people of Italy.