Liberalism vs Realism

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Speech by Ban Ki-moon to the UN General Assembly 2014; What Key Principles of liberal internationalist theory are evident in the speech? Ban Ki-moons 2014 speech “From Turmoil to Peace” to the United Nations General Assembly shows improabable key ideologies of liberal internationalist theory. Ban Ki-moons speech stresses through a liberalist veiw how the world ‘ought’ to be, and what ‘ought’ to be changed in order for it to improve. Morality in this speech is very utopian, universal and teleological. Interdependance, collectivism and unity This is evident throughout his very amplified wordings showing a common theme of interdependence, collectivism and unity for solutions to the problomatic crisis he lists. Liberals believe heavily in interdependance, economically via free trade, but also socially within religious organisations, enviromental movemnets, institutions, busnesses and of course politically between states. Ban Ki-moon carries this through words like “unite our strength” and “all resources public and private, domestic and international need to be tapped” this strains collectivism. He also mentions “instant comminications, free trade and ease of travel are all being exploited” which is a threat to the globalisation that promotes collectivism that liberals encourage. In doing this Ban Ki-moon and other liberals believe global wealth and resources can be matched with global need, and solve international problems like the outbreak of Ebola, poverty and so forth. Therefore interdepndance can lead to some sort of peace and these problems will not esculate for the worse in liberal perspective. Unity is something Ban Ki-moon also touches on, for a start this is precisly what the UN is all about ‘Uniting the Nations of the world’ this is a very liberal concept as Realism is all about states being selfish,self interested and intrustable, Liberality
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