Jess Seng Mr.Nassida AP History 15 April 2012 Liberal or Conservative Liberals and Conservatives have some really unique qualities to them. Liberals tend to lean more towards Patriot ideals such as the rejection of nobility and organized religion, as well as the right to life, liberty, and property. Conservatives, like the Tories, believed there should be minimal, gradual change in the country and they supported monarchies. FDR and Hoover might not show signs of all these things, but the main ideas of each still linger in today’s political parties. The idea that Hoover was a Conservative and FDR a Liberal are in fact completely correct.
It also stressed the political role of the independent landowner and warned against the tendency of political power to encroach upon liberty. A republic demanded a virtuous citizenry and thus a high moral code to ensure continued freedom. The founders thought that luxury, factionalism, and other vices were ever-present dangers, seeds of destruction that lurked in the souls of their fellow citizens and within themselves. (1) Additionally, a man's investment in luxuries signaled to his fellow Americans that he might support the ideas of aristocracy and monarchy instead of republicanism. Therefore republicanism called for thriftiness, simplicity and plainness in all things, be it fashion or food.
'Modern liberals have abandoned individualism and embraced collectivism.' Discuss The core values of liberalism are individualism, rationalism, freedom, justice and toleration. The liberal belief that human beings are, first and foremost, individuals, endowed with reason, implies that each individual should enjoy the maximum possible freedom consistent with a like freedom for all. However, although individuals are 'born equal' in the sense that they are of equal moral worth and should enjoy formal equality and equal opportunities, liberals generally stress that they should be rewarded according to their differing levels of talent or willingness to work and therefore favor the principle of meritocracy. Modern liberalism is a development within liberal ideology that has revised some of the ideas of classical liberalism.
Source 3 shows a clear disagreement though, as it states Callaghan “struggled to rule effectively until a vote of no-confidence” was called upon. Throughout his government, Callaghan biggest concern was to maintain economic stability but in doing so had destroyed Britain’s industry. As a result of this Callaghan will forever be associated with the Winter of Discontent incident which is exactly what source 3 is suggesting. James, Callaghan is a man of experience is partially why he suited the role of Prime Minister. Source 2 states “The political skills he had perfected in his previous posts were just what was needed” which supports the view that indeed, James Callaghan was a man of experience.
When Keynes rejected the scale of reparations placed on Germany and resigned from his post at the Treasury, he lead the way for what many leading politicians were to understand later on. Keynes supported the approach of Lloyd George that for economic and political reasons, Europe needed a successful Germany, which would be seriously difficult to achieve whilst the excessive reparations were placed on them. Furthermore, his book The Economic Consequences of the Peace (1919), was successful in influencing the view of Britain that a weak Germany would only make the recovery of Europe after the war, a lot more difficult. On the other hand, from taking this view, politicians were criticised for being 'too lenient' towards Germany. Even Lloyd George, who took a much tougher political approach towards the reparations, received criticism.
Adams relies on juxtaposition and counter argument to develop his argument that a free government is better than a monarchy. John Adams uses juxtaposition to show that a monarchy is worse than a free government. A juxtaposition is a contrasting effect that compares two statements but makes another one stand out more. John Adams writes “...the ministers of state can never know their friends from their enemies; secret cabals undermine their influence, and blast their reputation...the ministers can have no enemies of consequence but among the members of the great or little council, where every man is obliged to take his side, and declare his opinion, upon every question.” (Adams n. pag.).
“Much has been given us, and much will rightfully be expected from us.” From this statement Roosevelt reminds America of how thankful they should be for the fact that they live in a democratic country because freedom is given to them; and because they have what others don’t it’s understandable that other countries would want their assistance. He describes such offered relations with foreign countries as being “generous,” “justified,” and “righteous.” He states “attitudes must be one of cordial and sincere friendship.” With use of optimistic adjectives Roosevelt’s affirms his belief in positive imperialism. His main goal in imposing on another nation would only be to facilitate it and his word choice helps his audience understand his point of view. He knows that the United States are a great nation and should maintain the greatness in front of other nations; that they should respect all the nations by doing good actions toward them, secure other nations’ safety, and refrain them from wrongdoing others. Throughout the entire address Roosevelt stands behind his idea that “We must show not only in our words, but in our deeds, that we are earnestly desirous of securing their [other nations] good will by acting toward them in a spirit of just and generous recognition of all their rights.” His address foreshadowed his involvement with other nations, such as his future foreign diplomacy and provided an example of positive
Although it involved many positive aspects, it was strongly rejected by America, both the government and the citizens. The Congress found it to be an attachment of war for our countries, spend more money and slowly destroy our economy, and it pulled us into European affairs. This war without country seemed at that time very dim. Coming out of a war and feeling unstoppable, maybe Wilson was only wise enough to see that war is not something to be used unless absolutely needed. To protect the right of mankind, and lives of American and allied lives.
Britain built their Enlightenment on ‘social virtues’, not reason. They believed ‘social virtues’ (sympathy, altruism, kindness, etc.) made a society stable. They did not refuse reason, but simply used it as a way to achieve the end. The British made reasonable reforms within their society, and made their society better through their reforms.
In this essay, I will show that democratic peace theory which state that liberal democracies do not go to war against each another provide reasonable arguments in promoting democracy to nondemocratic states. Democratic proponents emphasize that the shared norm between liberal states is one of the factor that ensure peace among them. Besides that, citizens play a major role in declaring war by liberal democracies which result in a lower frequency of wars between the nations. Next, declaring war is complex and democratic leaders will not opt for it unless inevitable. Firstly, democratic peace is able to promote greater stability in the world as a result of the shared norms between liberal democracies.