Compassionate reasons where one of the underlying reasons many historians argue upon the realise of the report on poverty from booth and rowntree in their study of the English town York , a town not normally associated with extreme poverty they found 29% of the population were well below the poverty line. Another reason was the very real fear workers were discouraged by the poor conditions and governments and may later turn against the government and form mass strikes or in serious cases rebellion or join the communist groups within Britain. Political self interest was high on the liberal’s agenda many historians argue. The franchise was being extended to the average man slowly and the liberals realised the average man did not benefit much from the government’s approach to peoples life’s and with the rise of the labour party and other parties many historians argue that it was out of desire to be re-elected that the liberals slowly brought about this change in reform. They didn’t get a majority government in 1910 like they did in 1906 which led them to think that social reform was the way to gain votes.
“To what extent did the Liberal Government of 1906 – 1914 introduce social reform due to the social surveys of Booth and Rowntree?” The Liberal Reforms (1906 – 1914) “To what extent did the Liberal Government of 1906 – 1914 introduce social reform due to the social surveys of Booth and Rowntree?” The social surveys created by Charles Booth and Seebohm Rowntree influenced the Liberal Government of 1906 – 1914 to introduce social reform to an extent. During this time period, significant numbers of people lived in poverty. Poverty in these times meant low wages, overcrowded living conditions, poor health and a lack of food. The Government did nothing to help the poor, as they believed in “laissez-faire”, which was the belief that the state should not interfere in the lives of people. This was because there was a commonly held belief that the deprived were responsible for there poor living conditions, as they did not work hard enough – like the upper-class did, some would argue.
How effective were the Liberal social reforms in the period 1906 to 1914? In the early Twentieth Century poverty in Britain was a very serious issue. There were groups of society who had no way of tackling or rising out of poverty. Poverty was more evident in the North of Britain and in big cities, although rural poverty was also a problem. Particularly vulnerable groups were the old, who had no means of acquiring money.
The Old Poor Law of 1834 was reformed because it could not cope due to the large numbers of people claiming poor relief. This was due to population rise, commercialisation of farming which left people with no jobs, decline of agricultural crafts, harvest failures, food shortages due to war, higher food prices and change in attitude to claiming social welfare as there was no stigma attached to being poor anymore. This led to different measures such as the introduction of the Speenhamland system of 1795. Having investigated the reasons for the reformation of the Poor Law, we will now focus on the reasons that led to the reform. There were six main reasons that led to the old Poor Law Reform to easily pass which were: a willing government, Tories were a minority, Climate change, objectors were not listened to, and a Report based on evidence collected by the commission of enquiry.
The housing market also plummeted leading to negative equity, which the majority of the working class could not afford resulting in the repossession of their houses combined with the drastic increase in unemployment Britain was in a mess. However Major did have some success, he abolished poll tax, which was very popular among the public, he increased spending on the NHS and introduced transport subsides to keep travel fares low.
Only six months after Hoover took office, the economy collapsed and the Great Depression began. Many factors caused and contributed to the Great Depression of 1929. One factor would be the overproductions of many goods in the 1920s led to worker layoffs Another factor was that easy credit led to people spending more than they had, and it led to a rapid inflation that eventually caused people to stop buying. The Federal Reserve Bank, created in 1913, did a poor job which also led to the great depression. It did not monitor interest rates to help regulate the economy when overproduction and inflation had started to cause unemployment in 1928-29 and the economy seemed likely headed toward collapse.
Why did the discoveries of the renaissance make little practical difference to medical treatment in the period C. 1500- C. 1700? Even though medical knowledge improved vastly, the discoveries of the Renaissance did not make a significant contribution to the improvement and understanding of medical treatment for many reasons. There was a plague epidemic in London in 1665, the treatments used were similar to those used in 1348. Ordinary medical treatment continued to be based on the Four Humours and people also believed that a king’s touch could cure them of tuberculosis. Charles II (1630–1685) touched over 8,000 sufferers of the disease in one year.
This informed liberals that the ‘welfare’ that the poor law provided, was not working. It could be said that this led to the introduction of reform acts in order to tackle the poverty felt by the young and the old. The Old Age Pensions Act was introduced in 1908 and provided the over 70’s with income to tackle their poverty. It was far more dignified than the provisions provided to the elderly prior to this as, unlike the poor law, it provided no shame to the people. One of the Acts passed to aid children was the Administrative Provision Act which appealed to the idea of National efficiency.
When the great depression started the Wealthy dropped down to the middle class and the people in the middle class dropped down the economic ladder to the poor economic ladder. When the US first went into this depression Herbert Hoover didn’t care about the poor. Herbert cared about the wealthy and the middle class, but did not care about the poor because they were already poor in the Social ladder. When the election came FDR became president.
Even after the signing of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act by Bill Clinton in 1996, which was designed to put people to work while supporting them as they tried to become self-sufficient. This did not go as congress and many others hoped it would. The Government Accountability Office [GAO] stated in 1997 alone, states received 4.7 billion dollars more than they would have without the reform (Pimpare). There was an overwhelming increase in Government spending which started the country down the wrong path for many generations to come! At the turn of the century, the Department of Health and Human Services stated almost fifty percent of the American population received the aid needed (Pimpare).