Lewis and Clark Essay

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Lewis and Clark Expedition Captain Meriwether Lewis was chosen by President Thomas Jefferson to explore Louisiana and Pacific Northwest which was the new territory that Thomas Jefferson had purchased. When Lewis was chosen he decided to take an old friend by the name William Clark. Lewis had many talents but one of his best discovering new species and sketching them in his book or diary. Clark also had many talents but one of his best was sketching and mapmaking. The expedition started about around 1804 and last until about 1806. Over the duration of the trip, from May 14, 1804, to September 23, 1806, from St. Louis, Missouri, to the Pacific Ocean and back, the Corps of Discovery, as the expedition company was called, traveled nearly 8,000 miles. About four dozen men, covered 10 to 20 miles pushing, and pulling keelboats and dugout boats up the Missouri River. During the trip the captains and at least five others kept journals. President Jefferson had instructed Lewis to make observations of latitude and longitude and to take detailed notes about the soil, climate, animals, plants, and native peoples. Lewis identified 178 plants new to science, including bitterroot, prairie sagebrush, Douglas fir, and ponderosa pine, as well as 122 animals, such as grizzly bear, prairie dog, and pronghorn antelope. The expedition encountered immense animal herds and ate well, consuming one buffalo, two elk, or four deer per day, supplemented by roots, berries, and fish. They named geographic locations after expedition members, peers, loved ones, and even their dog (Seaman’s Creek). They experienced venereal disease, tick bites, and injuries from prickly pear; yet only one man perished over the course of the journey. Another primary objective involved diplomacy with Native Americans. The expedition held councils with Indians, in which the corps had military parades, handed

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