The majority of new laws or changes to existing laws come from government but the can also come from MP’s, Lords or even a member of the public. E.g. ‘Sarah’s Law’. Both the House of Commons and House of Lords must debate and vote on the proposals. 2.
The common law also includes customs and precedents that have become accepted practice. They relate to the role of the monarchy, parliament and the executive. Particularly important is the royal prerogative – the powers exercised in the name of the Crown. The Crowns prerogative powers include the right to: Declare war, dissolve parliament and appoint judges. Government ministers exercise prerogative powers in the name of the crown.
Firstly, in the United Kingdom, parliament is the legislative body is also the highest authority in the court system of the United Kingdom, senate performing the trial through the appellate committee of the senate, parliament became the final level trial for all criminal and civil in the UK whereas in Vietnam, state power is unified, with the assignment and coordination among state agencies in the implementation of legislative, executive and judiciary. The Supreme People's Court is the highest judicial body in the judicial sector. Secondly, operating principles of court in the United Kingdom and Vietnam was followed the principle of public trial and independence. Nevertheless, characterized in the British legal system is the law made by judicial authorities. As the result, when trial judges must follow strict guidelines.
SELECT COMMITTEES This is a committee which has been established by a resolution in either house for a special purpose and is usually for a limited time. It is a committee of members of Parliament which investigate and report on a particular matter. Select Committees exist in the British Parliament, as well as in other parliaments which are based on the Westminster model, such as those in Australia and New Zealand. In the United Kingdom, committees can be appointed from the House of Commons, like the Foreign Affairs Committee, from the House of Lords, like the Delegated Powers and Regulatory Reform Committee, or as a "Joint Committee" drawn from both, such as the Joint Committee on House of Lords Reform. The Commons Select Committees are generally responsible for overseeing the work of government departments and agencies, whereas those of the Lords look at general issues, such as the constitution or the economy.
How effectively does Congress fulfil its constitutional roles? To start of this essay we must first understand what the role of Congress actually is? The United States Congress is the bicameral legislature of the federal government of the United States consisting of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. It is the law-maker which is the primary and most important function of the legislature. It is through laws that policies of government are laid down for implementation.
Parliament is Britain's Legislature, where legislation, the process of passing new laws, takes place. It is mainly carried out in the House of Commons and there are many different types of it, with the two most important being; government bills and private members bills. For a bill to become law is must pass through a number of parliamentary stages, which involves a lot of close reading, amending and debating in both the parliamentary chambers, however the House of Commons has far more legislative power, as the Lords can only suggest amendments or delay bills from becoming law (which the House of Commons can actually override anyway). It can be said the Commons fulfil the function of legislation effectively for various reasons, one being; because its large majorities makes it very efficient. Party's can rely on their loyal MPs to vote in favour of their bills, for example; from 1997-2005 Blair's government didn't lose a single vote in the House of Commons because he had such a high majority.
The legislative branch contains The House of Representatives and The Senate. The House of Representatives and The Senate are responsible for establishing new laws, changing current laws or illuminating current laws. The executive branch is home to President and the Vice President. The President is elected by the people and chooses the members of his cabinet. The judicial branch consists of the Supreme Courts and Federal Courts.
Comparing the US and UK constitutions (Bennett – US Government and Politics pages 32-34) There are six basic characteristics of the US Constitution: * It is codified, a single document, running more than 7,000 words- under 20 printed pages – which contains the nation’s constitutional arrangements. * It is based on the principle of the federal division of powers with some significant powers being vested in the national (federal) government with other significant powers being vested in the state governments. * It is based upon a strict separation of powers – or rather ‘separate institutions, sharing powers’. * It is a presidential * It is based on the principle of popular sovereignty, a system of government in which the people’s voice is
The other ratification method is by convention that involves an entirely different body from the legislature. The state of Vermont, for example, after proposal of the amendment, the governor has 60 days to call the convention, elect delegates from each county, and set the convention date. 14 people are elected to be at-large members. This means that each voter would cast votes for 14 people, with the top 14 vote getters being elected. The convention takes place in the Senate chamber in the state capitol.
To answer this question one has to first describe and provide reasons for the rules which govern the legislative powers of the House of Lords in comparison to those of the House of Commons. To properly appreciate the rules one should determine the composition of the people who are subject to the rules first. Each member of the House of Commons represents a constituent of the UK and is voted for by that constituent, voting takes place once every term of parliament. Members of the House of Lords are selected not on a voting basis and are chosen from one of the two following methods. Hereditary members are those who inherit their status as from their family, non-hereditary members are chosen by the prime minister in recognition to their expertise to become life peers.