Assignment One – Schools as Organisations.
1. Know the structure of education from early years to post-compulsory
In the United Kingdom, there is a government funded scheme in place that entitles all children of ages two, three and four to fifteen hours of free early years education each week, over 38 weeks in the year. This scheme started from the government’s creation of the Every Child Matters agenda, which coincides with the Childcare Act 2006. It is funded by each of the local authorities, with parents or carers only required to finance any additional hours over their child’s allocated free hours. Children being offered free education from the ages of two means that all children, regardless of background, are given fair and equal chances to learn before starting Key Stage 1.
Children of nursery and reception, ages two through to five, follow the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS), which is taught in different ways throughout the United Kingdom. The EYFS, while being different in each country, allows children to learn to work and play on their own initiative.
In England children follow a standard framework, which includes all learning, care and development and is assessed regularly until their year in Reception comes to an end.
Scotland presents a difference in their way of delivering their Early Years education. Children start the curriculum at ages two and three, and follow it through to the age of eighteen.
Schools in Wales deliver the Early Years Foundation Phase, which is started from the ages of two and three, and continued through to Key Stage One at age 7.
In Northern Ireland children in Years One and Two are taught the Foundation Stage, and will only continue onwards once they are ready to do so. Year Three sees their beginning of Key Stage One. Children in Years Four, Five, Six and Seven, are known as Key Stage Two.
Schools in the United Kingdom are split into categories, most of which fall under the...