Although all children will develop at different rates and in different ways, the sequence in which they develop will be roughly the same as they need to have developed one skill, for example walking, before they move on to develop another such as running and jumping. Development is often referred to on a timeline and is broken down in ages. As development is more rapid in early years the milestones start by being quite close together before becoming further apart as baby becomes a child and then a young adult. The aspects of development that children are measured on are physical, language, social and emotional, and intellect. From birth through to adulthood children continually grow, develop, and learn.
Understanding children and young people’s development. Outcome 1 Understand the pattern of development that would normally be expected for children and young people from birth - 19 years. 1.1 There are generally four areas of development: Physical, commination, intellectual / cognitive and social and emotional, each and everyone just as important as the last, all children will develop in every one of these areas in differing degrees throughout their lives, as a child gets older they also become aware of their own identity and moral standing. The way in which a child develops in each and every area decides what type of person they will eventually be. Each and every child develops at differing rates; there development also goes through periods of peaks and troughs, right from the very beginning a child learns to react to different situations, recognising familiar faces and smells.
The sequencing of development assists you to prepare and plan effectively and at the right time in anticipation of the next development stage to be reached. Rate of development is however, when individuals reach certain targets or milestones and at the speed of which they do so, and is also about recognising and identifying any concerns in development and how you can adapt and assist learning and development. 1.3 There may be many reasons why a child/ young person’s development may not follow a typical pattern of development. Some of these reasons could be disabilities, resources available, cultures, facilities and equipment. There could be many possible restrictions on development due to disability, such as, physical disability and not being able to use certain parts of the body to aid mobility and therefore restricting access to facilities, resources and hands on approach learning.
1. Explain the difference between sequence of development and rate of development and why the difference is important. Development is the gaining of skills in all aspects of the child’s life. We have four main types of children’s development : Physical development: this refers to the body increasing in skill and performance. Social and emotional development: this is the development of a child’s identity and self-image, relationships and feelings Intellectual development: this is learning the skills of understanding, memory and concentration.
It is important to recognise the difference so you can identify where children need help or may be at risk of having SEN. Information and sources we receive are only guidelines. These help us to monitor what children can and cant do at certain stages in their lives, it will also help us to plan effectively to ensure they get the attention they need, in the areas in which they find challenging. Maturation is the genetically programmed series of changes leading to maturity. These changes occur in the same sequence in everybody, but there are great individual differences, for example: - size, weight, height are linked to Ossification which helps you develop your fine motor skills. Cephalocaudal development is the head to toe sequence; babies first have to have neck control before they can sit with support, then on to pulling themselves in to the standing position, then crawl and then to walk, they follow the pattern so this happens if they didn’t then they would not be able to do this.
This development in children includes both emotional and social development. From infants to adults, children are constantly adapting and learning about the environment and the world surrounding them (Maggi & Irwin, 2008). As a result, they begin to understand how to co-exist with others and the world. It is very early on when the child develops a certain personality depending on the type of upbringing and environment provided. Children do develop differently depending on their genetic makeup and environment, parents and guardians can play a huge role to ensure that the child grows up to be an emotionally mature individual.
MAIN STAGES OF CHILD AND YOUNG PERSON DEVELOPMENT The expected pattern of children and young adults developments from birth to 19 years are broken into different areas. It is important to remember each child is unique and will develop at different rates and in their own way. Areas of development are broken into 3 different areas. These include: COMMUNICATION AND INTELLECTUAL * Developing creative and imaginative skills * Using skills in different ways * Using language to explain reasoning * Problem solving * Decision making SOCIAL, EMOTIONAL AND BEHAVIOURAL * Taking turns * Co-operating with others * Developing social skills * Developing self–esteem and self-expression * Learning about the feelings of others PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT * Fine motor skills: using smaller muscles (writing, threading, painting and drawing * Gross motor skills: using larger muscles (running, jumping, hoping, skipping and balance) * General coordination * Hand-eye coordination PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT 0-3 YEARS When children are first born they have little control over their bodies. They will show a series of reflexes such as grasping or sucking.
Unit 22 – Understanding Child and Young Person Development 1.1/1.2 Explain the sequence and rate of development from birth-19yrs. Explain the difference between sequence and rate of development and why the difference is important. Children’s development is continuous, so it is important to look at the sequence and rate of each aspect of development as a way of monitoring their progress. Although children develop in many different ways and at many different rates, the sequence that they follow is understood to be roughly the same. The sequence that children will follow has quite an obvious pattern with the child learning to hold their head up before they can sit, to sit independently before they can stand, to stand independently before they can walk and to walk confidently before they can run.
Understanding and supporting the development of a child is an important obligation for all carers. The holistic approach to a child’s development seeks to simultaneously address the physical, linguistic, intellectual, social and emotional aspects of a child’s life. The important fact of the holistic approach is that the child is given the ability to learn different things at his/her different stages of development. This essay will explore why play is important for the holistic development of a child, how playing has an impact on the child’s maturation and how play changes in the first six years of a child’s life. Because of its multi-faceted nature and the fact that it is an intrinsically spontaneous and unpredictable phenomenon, ‘play’ has proved to be extremely difficult to define and research.
Children’s normal pattern of growth and development and the factors that affect this is tantamount to understanding the learner. Children’s develop as individuals are molded by both external factors and internal factors; that is factors outside the home and inside the home. These factors include but not limited to genetics, nutrition, hygiene, environment, nature and nurture. I believe that as a teacher it is of vital importance to have a full grasp of the challenges the students face on a daily basis in order to have an understanding of them. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction”.