Jean Piaget’s theory was based on systematic (schema) study for our cognitive development. Piaget believed that there were stages that you had to achieve in order to move on to the next. The order of the stages: Piagets theory came in to place by observing children. A way of applying his theory to the classroom is “use concrete props and visual aids whenever possible...” (McLendon, 2011) In my practice we set up activities for each individual need of each child to help them progress through the stage of the theory which links to Piagets theory. Lev Vygotsky’s theory was based on social/emotional development needs to show demonstration/imagination to allow a child to progress.
This development is strongly linked to communication and language development. 3. Communication – this area of development is about learning to communicate with other people and understanding their communications. Talking, reading and writing and also use of gestures are all aexamples of skills that most children learn. Communication and language development are linked to cognitive development because more sophisticated communication involves thinking about what others are trying to convey as well as thinking about what you are trying to express.
No matter how well designed the material, or instrument of delivery is, teachers must consider many relevant factors during implementation, and presentation of material; material and delivery must accommodate a persons learning style. Moreover, teachers must educate their students on learning styles and preferences, this will provide the student knowledge, which will enhance their learning and educational experience. Research continues to document, and show that students will enjoy learning, and will learn more when the material and teachers accommodate their learning styles and preferences. Much research has been conducted and published on how people receive and process information. Research has endeavored to ascertain and define how people learn in different environments, such as the classroom, and the work setting.
First step is children to select the topic. Second step is field sites visits. Introduction The project approach model is an in-depth investigation of a topic related to the real world around children. “Including project work in the curriculum promotes children's intellectual development by engaging their minds in observation and investigation of selected aspects of their experience and environment. (Katz & Chard, 2000, p. 2)” The two essential elements of the project approach are “child-centered activities” and “social reconstruction”.
A significant feature of scaffolding education is that the scaffolds are provisional. As the learner’s capabilities augment the scaffolding given by the more well-informed other is increasingly reserved. Ultimately the student is capable to complete the job or master the concepts separately (Chang, Sung, & Chen, 2002, p. 7). For that reason the objective of the instructor when using the scaffolding education
In symbolic interactionism people learn the meaning and symbols through social interaction that allow them to express their individuality. This idea is derived from Mead’s theory that society is the ongoing social process that precedes and determines the mind and self. Mead describes that human beings begin their understanding of the social world through "play" and "game.” These two interactions eventually develop into the “I” and “me” according to Mead. Society has a profound impact on our thought processes and action. Mead’s interrelated theory proves his thesis that symbolic interactionism from the early stages to late stages in human life allow people to form perceptions how of society should work.
A part of Piaget’s theory of learning and thinking involves the participation of the child, who must construct and reconstruct knowledge. He claims that for a child to know and construct knowledge of the world, the child must act on objects. This action provides knowledge of those objects. Piaget’s technique to learning is known as a readiness approach. Readiness approach in developmental psychology states that children
Describe and evaluate the social learning theory. Refer to evidence in your answer. The social learning theory believes the our behaviour is learnt through our environmement, and that it is the people around us that teach us our behaviour. Social learning theorist believe that behaviour is learnt in steps and that factors including reinforcement, motivation as well as mediating cognitive factors, effect whether the behaviour is repeated or not. Firstly, the child observes a model displaying a certain behaviour.
He focused on language and the development of internalising language; that we learn to think through and before speech, as a major influence on children’s cognitive development. He believed that personal and social experience cannot be separated and that a child’s development is not only constructed by personal development but also moulded by the child’s culture; education, family and community. He concentrated on the child’s potential learning ability and the need for experts that help a child to construct their learning and intelligence. A lot of practical applications from his theory are used in the educational system today. There are a lot of similarities in Piaget and Vygotsky’s theories.
The first theory is the nativist theory which states all kids have the yearning to understand the logic of their domain. Through that innate drive, they sort out meaning of words as well as use language and understand the world around them. Waddington (1957) explains that some behaviour are learned more easily than others. These behaviours are inborn and that children are ready to learn them with slight energy. Chomsky suggested there was an innate “language acquisition device” (LAD) someplace in the mind that helps learning of languages.