Leukemia Essay

547 WordsJan 24, 20123 Pages
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood cells and starts in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is where the WBCs (white blood cells), RBCs (red blood cells) and platelets are made when you are healthy. The white blood cells help the body fight infection; red blood cells carry oxygen to all parts of the body and the platelets helps the blood to clot. When you are diagnosed with Leukemia the bone marrow starts to make abnormal WBCs which are then called leukemia cells, which do not work like normal WBCs they grow faster and does not stop when they should. Over time they end up crowding out the normal WBCs then causing leukemia.. This can lead to serious problems such as anemia, bleeding, and infections. Leukemia cells can also spread to the lymph nodes or other organs and cause swelling or pain. There are several different types of leukemia. In general, leukemia is grouped by how fast it gets worse and what kind of white blood cell it affects. • Acute leukemia gets bad very quickly and may make you feel sick right away. Chronic leukemia gets bad slowly and may not cause symptoms for years.  Lymphocytic (or lymphoblastic) leukemia affects white blood cells called lymphocytes. Myelogenous leukemia affects white blood cells called myelocytes. Lymphoblastic leukemia is the most widespread killer of childhood diseases. Each year in the U.S. there are approximately 12,400 children between birth and 19 years of age who are diagnosed with cancer. About 1 in 300 boys and 1 in 333 girls will develop cancer before their 20th birthday. Experts don't know what causes leukemia, but some things are known to increase the risk these things are called risk factors. You are more likely to get leukemia when exposed to large amounts of radiation, chemicals at work like benzene, smoke and some kinds of genetic problems. Some of the symptoms of leukemia depend on how much the cancer has

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