(BOOK). The campaign for desegregation won in the 1954 Brown v Board of Education case, where the Supreme Court decided that the desegregation of elementary schools was unconstitutional. On December 5 1955, NAACP activists organized a bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama to challenge segregation on the city’s buses, of which two-thirds of the riders were black. This led to Alabama refusing to allow the NAACP to operate within its borders, and although the NAACP overturned this in 1958, they lost their leadership role for the civil rights movement in Alabama. Other groups such as the SCLC and the SNCC also emerged with new ideas.
Watching the documentary I learned a lot of new information and relearned the information I forgotten. Some information I learned or relearned from the documentary included: Emmett Till was from Chicago and is visiting down in Mississippi where there is segregation, the jury serving in the case was all white and from the same area the murderers were from, the jury found the defendants not guilty because the state couldn’t confirm the identity of the body as being Emmett Till, the Rosa Parks incident happened about 100 days after the murder, and Emmett’s murder help fuel the African-American Civil Rights Movement. I learned
MLK was the leader of the boycott that had started against the Montgomery buses. The bus strike lasted 381 days, into December 1956 when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the segregation law was unconstitutional and the Montgomery buses were integrated. MLK made a change, after that change he fought for equality through non violent pro-testing. He traveled across the nation and spoke to hundreds of communities of equality and the rights that African Americans deserve defined by the constitution. MLK made powerful statements through marches and peace protests for the rights of black children’s education and rights and liberties of the African American people and their right to
‘Federal government was the main obstacle to the achievements of African American civil rights between 1865 and 1945.’ How far do you agree? African Americans fight to gain civil rights was a long one; politically they aimed to get the right to vote and to exercise this right. Federal government allowed anti-civil rights groups to deter African Americans from utilising their vote and in 1866 ‘black codes’ were enforced which further prohibited Africa Americans from voting. Federal government allowed states to have control over passing their own laws which states manipulated to prevent African Americans from exercising their political rights won through the fifteenth amendment in 1869. After 1869 federal government remained an obstacle throughout this time period.
Background of the problem: * Birth of the clan. * Their mission * Their customs 2. the Klan during the 1900’s: * the early 1900’s * the mid 1900’s * the late 1900’s 3. Putting an end: KKK practice restriction * Laws against the Klan * Does it exist today * How to stop them Conclusion: even though the US declared the KKK practices illegal, there are many people that still practice the horrific things that were once accomplished by the Ku Klux Klan. Jorge Cortes Mrs. Corridon English 1 12/12/2011 Ku Klux Klan: evolution throughout history. Long ago, when the English first sailed to America, they brought blacks from Africa to serve them as slaves.
11/14/12 Internationalism/ Radicalism * Tensions with the NACCP (didn’t like directions people like Walter White were taking the NACCP, didn’t like self segregation, Du Bois criticized the NAACP in the Crisis Magazine, which the NAACP did not like) * Editorial Independence- Crisis * Woodrow Wilson- Closing Ranks (president of Princeton University, he represented an enlightenment politician, believed that knowledge and reason were the bass to solving problems. Wrote editorial called “closing ranks” were he argued that blacks should support him and Americas efforts in WW1 * Truman- Socialist Learning * Red Summer of 1919 (in the summer of 1919 there was intense movement of blacks from the southern parts of the US to the north, called great migration. This migration spurred competition between black and white labors. There were race riots, racial violence in 26 cities, and number of blacks were * lynched. Number of those lynched were black soldiers returning from WW1.
Congress passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Right Acts of 1965 guaranteeing basic civil rights for all Americans, regardless of race, after a decade of non-violent protests and marches. Throughout the novel, there were many different means of non-violent protests. The black community were taking a different approach to the racism unlike the white people who were very violent and abusive. The black people wanted to be free from the segregation and would do anything to escape it, if they had of fought back matters may have been made worse and their lives would have been made even more unbearable. One of the forms of non-violent protests was Boycotts.
DuBois, describing the ideas of B.T.Washington, doesn’t see the reality, because he believes that the problem of accepting African Americans by the society is a problem of the whole nation, and that the whole nation should make an effort for equality. His main idea is that accepting African Americans in the socity as citizens with civil rights is a business of both sides: those who accept and those who are being accepted: “On the whole the distinct impression left by Mr Washington’s propaganda is that his future depends on his own efforts“. W.E.B. DuBois critisizes Washington, but he doesn’t count the fact that not all the social groups can realize that African Americans are not submitted anymore and that they have full civil rights now. While Mr Washington tells thst the success of African Americans depends on their own efforts, W.E.B.
Today many critics contend that affirmative action has outlived its usefulness. The argument is that affirmative action was a temporary policy meant to redress those who felt the sting of Jim Crow Laws. They perceive America as a less racist society, pointing to recent successes of Senator Barrack Obama, an African America who is the first black to be elected president of the United States of America. They further point to the appointments of Condoleezza Rice and Colin Powell as U.S. Secretaries of State.
It caused imbalance in colonies. That claim led America to reconsider putting blacks fighting line. The Proclamation delivered its promise and gave freedom to many slaves. Many blacks played a major role in this war. Crispus Attuck, who was black slave, is known as the first martyr of the war.