"But more basically, I am in Birmingham because injustice is here"(MLK). Martin Luther King stated his sole purpose for coming to Birmingham City. He saw the unjust actions that were happening and wanted to put a stop to them. Martin Luther King made it clear to his readers why he wrote "The Letter From Birmingham City Jail," and this provided insight to the true meaning of the work. This also supported Martin Luther King's argument by establishing that he is worth listening
Martin Luther King Jr. was a primary leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement in the 1950s and 60s. During his incarceration due to protest, King wrote a response letter, “Letter from Birmingham Jail”, addressed to the clergyman of Birmingham who ridiculed King’s recent actions in a local newspaper; these clergymen called his actions “unwise and untimely”. In his letter, he doesn’t explain their false accusations, but defends the reasoning behind his own actions. His letter is a turning point in the Civil Rights Movement. King follows the “slow to speak and slow to become angry” lesson from the book of James in the Bible.
As the letter progresses, king becomes very clear of his mission of liberation. In the fifth paragraph and thereafter, he sets the scene of Birmingham and how unjust the authority has been to the black race. Finally, king delivers his concrete point and probably his main intention in the closing stages of his letter by calling for unity against human injustices. King understands that this can only be done through unity and thus he asks for forgiveness from his accusers once again. In this letter, king really wanted to convince his accusers of his justification in staging anti racism demonstration.
When King gave his speeches his voice was strong and prevailing but the tone was calm and passionate. King was a very good speaker and knew how to convey his feelings or thoughts so everyone in his audience would relate. King did so by using all three rhetorical appeals: ethos, logos, and pathos. Using these strategies appealed to people’s ethics, logic, and emotions. The way King wrote this letter truly shows that he is there in Birmingham for his people.
On April 16, 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. wrote a lengthy letter from his jail cell called “Letter from Birmingham Jail” to his fellow clergymen regarding their allegations that the peaceful protests he lead was not only untimely, but was also unwise. Reverend King outlined in his letter three major appeals. Ethos, is an ethical appeal with a sense of right versus wrong. Logos is a logical appeal with a common sense approach. Lastly he used pathos, with the use of sympathy and empathy.
Last Name 1 First Name Last Name Teacher English Date LETTER TO BIRMINGHAM JAIL Martin Luther King Jr. Letter’s from Birmingham Jail is Martin Luther King Jr.’s published response to white clergymen’s statements about Kings involvement in the Civil Rights movement, he wrote this while in jail. Martin Luther Kings was in jail due to his participation in Civil Rights demonstration. The statement from the clergymen hammered King for his “foolish” behavior in regards to civil rights. In Kings defense he was invited to “combat injustice” by visiting Birmingham and also to recruit 200 protesters willing to go to jail for the cause. King’s purposed to use “nonviolent direct action” was to create a crisis that will have force the community to respond.
Arturo Navarro Professor Cooper English 1301-8245 19 May 2012 Freedom for the Weary and Diligent While in Birmingham Jail, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr took the time to respond to a letter that he received from the eight white clergymen explaining why now is a better time than any to continue fighting for what is right and just for all the people that have been suffering and yearning for equality and freedom. In 1963 when the Civil Rights Movement was in full swing in Birmingham Alabama, the blacks were in continual oppression from the whites and they felt that segregation still needed to be in play due to racial difference. Wiki claims “Segregation was a byproduct of the Civil War in the former Confederate states. The southerners still
Specifically, the arguments that King Jr. uses to defend his untimeliness, his willingness to break laws, and his extreme actions are appropriate for the audience and help him build credibility, which ideally will move his audience to action. In “Public Statement by Eight Alabama Clergymen,” the clergymen state that the action that King Jr. has taken is unwise and untimely and he explains in two different ways why
King writes in Birmingham Alabama during the Civil Rights Era. Similar to Thoreau's, King's occasion is in a jail cell, but for almost the majority of his essay. Both of these essays have occasions that take place during a time when there was a large amount of concern about social injustice of the government and it is understood why the authors would write their essays in the first place. The audience allows the author to be focused on certain groups or individuals. Thoreau and King both aim at large audiences.
This letter appeared in the Birmingham Newspaper. In response, Martin Luther King drafted a document that would mark the turning point of the Civil Rights movement and provide enduring inspiration to the struggle for racial equality. King's “Letter from Birmingham Jail” strives to justify the desperate need for nonviolent direct action, the absolute immorality of unjust laws together with what a just law is, as well as, the increasing probability of the “Negro” resorting to extreme disorder and bloodshed, in addition to his utter disappointment with the Church who, in his opinion, had not lived up to their responsibilities as people of God. King's justification to the eight clergymen for protesting segregation begins with a profound explanation of their actions, “Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue”. The actions of the African American people are overdue and very well planned as King had explained in the letter.