Lesson 1.4 Vaccination Essay

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Lesson 1.4 Vaccination - Overview Preface In this unit, students have studied diagnostic tests used to identify disease agents and have examined how antibiotics can be used to treat bacterial infections. In Lesson 1.4, students discuss infectious disease prevention, specifically through vaccination. In the aftermath of the bacterial meningitis cases at Sue’s school, all student medical records are reviewed and any student who did not receive the meningitis vaccine is called back in for immediate immunization. Vaccination is a valuable first line of defense against this debilitating infection and could make the difference between a few isolated cases and a full-blown outbreak. In the first activity of the lesson, students study the history of vaccination through the eyes of scientist Edward Jenner. Smallpox, a highly infectious disease characterized by small lesions on the skin,…show more content…
* Describe how recombinant DNA technology can be used to produce vaccines. * Identify the appropriate steps in an outbreak investigation. * Assume the role of an epidemiologist to analyze disease data, design an epidemiologic study, and evaluate prevention and therapy for chronic and infectious diseases. Essential Questions 1. What is vaccination? 2. How does a vaccine activate the body’s immune system? 3. How has vaccination impacted disease trends in our country? 4. What methods are used to produce vaccines in the laboratory? 5. What is recombinant DNA technology? 6. What are the molecular tools used to assemble recombinant DNA? 7. How can recombinant DNA and bacterial cells be used to produce vaccines? 8. How can engineered plasmids be inserted into bacterial cells? 9. What is epidemiology? 10. How can epidemiologists assist with the detection, prevention, and treatment of both chronic and infectious
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