Understand product liability issues and recotnize contractual and non-contractual liability in business transactions. 4. Locate government resources, programs and legislation that impact international trade and investment. 5. Recognize situations in which legal advice should be obtained.
Accounting addresses several ways a business may classify an expenditure and depreciation over time. Government makes their own rules or change existing rules to fit their needs. Structural, passive, nominal, deficits, and surpluses are ways of defining the economy based either on government actions designed to run a deficit, surplus, or other external factors adjusted for inflation or not (Colander, 2010, pp. 407-410). Our text states “Deficits are summary measures of the state of the economy.
Merck & Co., Inc., invests in securities of other companies. Access Merck’s 2010 10-K using EDGAR at www.sec.gov. Required: 1. What is the amount and classification of any investment securities reported on the balance sheet? In which current and noncurrent asset categories are investments reported by Merck?
These indicators go beyond financial statement figures, such as sales and net income, to include measures tailored to the client and its objectives. Such key performance indicators may include market share, sales per employee, unit sales growth, unique visitors to a Web site, same-store sales, sales by country, and sales per square foot for a retailer. ASSESS CLIENT BUSINESS RISK The risk that the client will fail to achieve its objectives related to (1) reliability of financial reporting, (2) effectiveness and efficiency of operations, and (3) compliance with laws and regulations PERFORM PRELIMINARY ANALYTICAL PROCEDURES a. Auditors perform preliminary analytical procedures to better understand the client’s business and to assess client business risk. One such procedure compares client ratios to industry or competitor benchmarks to provide an indication of the company’s performance.
● ● Requires codes of ethics for senior financial officers. In addition, Section 404 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act requires public companies to attest to the effectiveness of their internal controls over financial reporting. 29. Some major challenges facing the accounting profession relate to the following items: Nonfinancial measurement—how to report significant key performance measurements such as customer satisfaction indexes, backlog information and reject rates on goods purchased. Forward-looking information—how to report more future oriented information.
Distinguish among operating, investing, and financing activities. Managers’ activities and responsibilities can be classified into three broad functions. List and discuss each function. Identify and discuss the relevant costs in accepting an order at a special price Smith & Company claims that the relevant range concept is only important for variable costs. Explain the relevant range concept and discuss whether you agree with Smith & Company.
Pros and cons should be carefully measured to minimize the impact he financial statements by the possibility of losing the lawsuit. References Financial Accounting Standards Board. (2013, April 17). Summary of FASAB Guidance Difference between FASAB Standards and Other Standards. Retrieved from http://www.fasb.org fasb.org.
The four financial statements therefore assist them to determine if their resources are being put into efficient use since this provides an indication of whether there is any risk they will end up losing the invested funds (Debarshi, 2011). Potential shareholders also rely on the financial statements to make a comparison of the performance of different entities before making important investment decisions (Taparia, 2004). Creditors Creditors supply goods and services to businesses on credit. They are mainly concerned with the liquidity of the firm and its ability to meet their obligations when they are due (Debarshi, 2011). They therefore rely on the balance sheet and income statement to determine the profitability and liquidity levels of different firms in order to make well grounded decisions relating to whether to go ahead and advance them goods and materials on credit (Debarshi,
Management Summary Financial Health The financial health or strength of a company is measured by its ability to service its financial obligations senior to the common shareholders. These obligations include debt payments, preferred stock payments, the funding of any pension plans and rental and lease expenses. Below I have highlighted many of the weaknesses of the company. A common metric investors use to evaluate the ability of a company to service its debt is the interest coverage ratio or times interest earned. Star River can only