Lenin - the State and Revolution

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Social Science 201 September 17, 2012 The State and Revolution Vladimir Lenin expresses his view of the State in its current form as well as the need for a Proletariat Revolution to take place in his essay “The State and Revolution.” Throughout his work, Lenin makes several of references to Marx; references of which Lenin agrees with. Lenin also understands Marx’s view of society. Marx states that “between capitalist and communist society lies the period of the revolutionary transformation of the one into an another” believing that capitalism needs to take place prior to the communism in order for the state to successfully transition into a communist society. Lenin believes that transition is not necessary and that the State has the possibility to transform into a communist state without first being capitalist. He believes that this will ease the process of transformation, and end the constant oppression that is present. Lenin quotes Marx that following the revolution; there is “political transition period in which the state can be nothing but the revolutionary dictatorship of the proletariat.” Lenin agrees with Marx and believes that the state in its current form is highly oppressive that that no matter what has been said or has been put on paper, men are inevitably unequal and that “democracy is always hemmed in by the narrow limits set by capitalist exploitation.” Lenin is angered by the fact the higher class (the bourgeoisie) have the utmost control and the working class (the proletariat) must follow their reign. This is when Lenin’s main argument is revealed: The proletariat must suppress the bourgeoisie immediately in order to “free humanity from wage slavery.” Lenin wants the “complete withering away of the state.” He believes that this will happen with the proletariat through the “dictatorship of the proletariat.” The majority of the society will
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