Legal Challenges Affecting the Implementation of Computer Based Information Systems in the Developing Countries. Essay

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Legal challenges affecting the implementation of computer based information systems in the developing countries. Author: Daniel Kinyanjui (Bsc-Information Science-Moi University Kenya and Currently Studying Masters of Library and Information Science at Kenyatta University-Kenya) INTRODUCTION According to Jessup and Valacich (2003), Computer based information systems are “a combination of hardware, software, and telecommunications networks that people build and use to collect, create, and distribute useful data, typically in organizational settings” (p.10). These systems are used by individuals or organisations for making it easier to generate, analyze and use necessary information. Jessup and Valacich (2003) argue that a computer based information system can be looked as comprising the following important components/elements: • Hardware: Hardware can be a single PC, a single main frame or networks of computers. It also includes physical device to control the process of input and output like keyboard, mouse and modem. • Software: Application program such as MS Office, Macromedia Dreamweaver, Koha library software and etc. • People: Those who are involved with the system or using the system. • Data: Consists of facts, text, graphic, figure that can be recorded and that have specific meaning • Procedures: Instructions and rules to design and use information system. Strategies, policies, methods, and rules for using the CBIS Computer based information systems have found application in almost all aspects of our life. Some of the important ones are: • Science and Engineering • Business and Commerce • Education • Governance • Health and Medicine • Entertainment • Agriculture • Transport and communication • Banking and finance

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