Legacy of French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars

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Legacy of the French Revolution and Napoleonic Wars Outline and Study Guide 1. Various Interpretations 2. Effects of French Revolution on European history 3. Can the spread of liberal and nationalist ideas in Europe up to 1848 be considered as a legacy of the Napoleonic Era? Explain your answer. 4. "French Revolution could be regarded as the beginning of modern European history." Comment on the validity of this statement. 5. "Napoleonic Era had far reaching effects on European history." Comment on this statement. 6. How was Europe, other than France, affected by Napoleon Bonaparte up to his downfall? Various Interpretations 1. Talleyrand (representative of France in the Congress of Vienna) "His genius was unbelievable. It is the most astonishing career that has been witnessed for the last thousand years. He was certainly the most extraordinary man I ever saw, and in my opinion the most extraordinary men that has lived for many centuries.”’ 2. J.C. Herold, The Mind of Napoleon, 1961 "Hitler appealed to hatred; Napoleon, to honour.....Napoleon, in his historic action left positive achievements behind him. Unlike Hitler, he left Europe not in ruins but brought it up-to-date. Even where his genius failed his purpose, its nature was such that it cooperated willy-nilly with the constructive forces of history; the unification of Germany and of Italy, the spread of democratic liberalism might not have been in accord with his intentions, but they most certainly owned much to his action. And as a myth and a symbol he pushed back the limits of human capabilities. It may be a costly process for humanity to produce Napoleons, but if humanity should ever cease to produce them it would be a sign that its energies are exhausted.’’ 3. Kropotkin (Russian anarchist and historian in the late 19th century) The Great French Revolution, 1889 I. "The

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