Learners themselves bring assumptions about learning based on the past, and some of these may get in the way of looking ahead to a new way of learning. Employers, providers and learners themselves all need to know more. Initial assessment is a vital part of the process of finding out. A good initial assessment process is done early on – in the first few days or weeks of contact with learners. This is different from selection – though information gained through the selection process should be useful during the assessment.
How can the use of mental images, concepts and schemas to organise our thinking help us to improve our memory? Task 1 Part A – Essay Plan • Introduction • Main body: Define mental image, concepts and schemas How do these help to improve memory What evidence is there to support this? • Conclusion Part B In order to make sense of our world we are constantly gathering information and storing it away for recall at another time when we may need it. This is usually an unconscious process however by understanding the processes and ways in which we form memories we can use this to our advantage and therefore improve our memory. This essay will address three different ways that we form memories, mental images, concepts and schemas.
Following a delay, first items are remembered ________________ (better/less well) than last items. 6. The best retrieval cues come from the associations formed at the time we ____________________ a memory. 7. In some cases, old information facilitates our learning of new information.
The view of learning as restructuring and replacing old beliefs implies that transition involves unlearning as much as it does learning. A further hypothesis suggests that instruction may need to recapitulate transitions in the history of science to help learners transit from their own naive theories. Conceptual recapitulation refers to a means of remediating learning problems by retracing instructionally what should have been naturally occurring developmental stages for an individual (Case, Sandieson, & Dennis, 1986). But it might fit the historical recapitulation hypothesis as well. There also seem to be qualitative shifts in the mental models needed by learners to understand more complex systems, for example, in such domains as electricity (Frederiksen & White, in press).
Reflection on action is as described above where one contemplates in retrospect. Reflection is largely about self development t as it adds to your knowledge and also challenges beliefs and concepts that you may hold. Reflection is only effective if one follows through with action. 1.2 Analyse the rationale for reflective practice It is human nature that we generally learn from experience, once we have had and experience we naturally observe and reflect on it, through this we form concepts/beliefs and then we test this out in new situations, this goes round in circles each time our view/concepts are being changed as we experience new things. In this cycle self-observation and evaluation helps to understand one’s own actions and to refine one’s practice on an ongoing basis for the benefits of the communities being served.
Sometimes when you remove yourself from a situation and reflect on it, you are able to find gaps and room for improvement in preparation for next time. You are sometimes able to analyse situations better afterwards than you are in the moment and when you look back on things, more often than not you will think “I wish I had said/done that at the time”. By reflecting on work situations, you are able to deal with any negative feelings or anxieties to do with work. By dealing with these frustrations rather than pushing them to the back of your mind, you will be able to have a more positive attitude at work. 1.3 You can ensure that personal attitudes or beliefs do not obstruct the quality of your work by leaving your personal opinions and judgements at the door.
Also the last stage is to integrate a new perspective into your life pattern. That means to find something that will make new changes in your life or goals that will work. Next ask a friend to look it over and they can see a new perspective. Thy can make some new assumption into your pattern. My life has been full of experiences in which transitional learning took place.
I can understand the concept that we will respond quicker when two categories that we implicitly associate are grouped together. However, aside from my personal opinion of it being more like a memory game, data suggests that there is a strong influence of extrapersonal associations when taking the IAT (Olson & Fazio,
If I am presented with a class that doesn’t meet my intellectual standards I have a habit of making things harder than they have to be in order to challenge myself. That’s why I was content in Management 5150, I found the framing and reframing techniques, challenging, and stimulating. Reframing is one of the most valuable take away for me from the course and group project. I have learnt to use reframing techniques to create new ways of seeing and create new action opportunities. Reframing problems takes effort, attention, and practice, but allows you to see the world around you in a brand-new light.