Learning Essay

2180 Words9 Pages
Learning Practice Exam 1. The most crucial ingredient in all learning is: A. shaping. B. modeling. C. maturation. D. experience. E. continuous reinforcement. 2. By directly experiencing a thunderstorm, we learn that a flash of lightning signals an impending crash of thunder. This best illustrates: A. operant conditioning. B. spontaneous recovery. C. observational learning. D. classical conditioning. E. generalization. 3. Which of the following is an unconditioned response? A. salivating at the sight of a lemon B. raising your hand to ask a question C. jerking your hand off a very hot stove D. walking into a restaurant to eat 4. In Pavlov's experiments, the taste of food triggered salivation in a dog. The food in the dog's mouth was the: A. UCS. B. UCR. C. CS. D. CR. 5. The initial stage of classical conditioning during which a response to a neutral stimulus is established and gradually strengthened is called: A. acquisition. B. association. C. observational learning. D. shaping. 6. When a CS is not followed by a UCS, the subsequent fading of a CR is called: A. discrimination. B. generalization. C. delayed reinforcement. D. extinction. 7. The reappearance, after a time lapse, of an extinguished CR is called: A. generalization. B. spontaneous recovery. C. secondary reinforcement. D. latent learning. E. shaping. 8. Long after being bitten by a stray dog, Allen found that his fear of dogs seemed to have disappeared. To his surprise, however, when he was recently confronted by a stray dog, he experienced a sudden twinge of anxiety. This sudden anxiety best illustrates: A. delayed reinforcement. B. latent learning. C. spontaneous recovery. D. shaping. 9. Two-year-old Philip was recently clawed by the neighbor's cat.

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