Leadership Report

1374 WordsFeb 2, 20126 Pages
Introduction Our first thought when we began discussing the topic “Leadership” was what is a leader? We found that the word ‘leader’ is somewhat ambiguous. We had to define it carefully and differentiate it from other terms such as a ‘manager’. We discovered that many people did not know the difference. So first of all, management can be defined as ‘a process that involves planning, organizing, leading (or deploying), and controlling resources in order to achieve goals’. On the other hand, leadership is ‘the process of influencing others to understand and agree about what needs to be done and how to do it, and the process of facilitating individual and collective efforts to accomplishing shared objectives’. (1) So to reinforce this, management is ‘the exercise of influence over others using extrinsic motivation and based on externally determined legitimacy’. And leadership, on the contrary, is ‘the exercise of influence over others using their intrinsic motivation and reflecting subjective, follower-based legitimation’. (2) As Peter F. Drucker once stressed out ‘management is doing the right thing, leadership is doing things right’. This subtle difference had to be explained to many of the people we surveyed to make sure that the correct definition was properly understood. Secondly, we found that many people would answer this question with describing characteristics such as intelligence, toughness, determination and vision. However, recent studies have proven that more subtle qualities are also essential. It is true that a certain amount of analytical and technical skills are required, but it is a trait called ‘emotional intelligence’ that distinguishes the most influential and powerful leaders from the rest. Before we move on, we would like to discuss why leadership is important? Leadership is important in all aspects of our lives, not just in organizations

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