Leadership Essay

545 WordsMay 16, 20143 Pages
According to Antonakis, Fenley, and Lietchti (2012) a charismatic leader is able “to persuade others, use powerful and reasoned rhetoric, establish personal and moral credibility, rouse followers emotions and passions” (p. 127). Martin Luther King Jr. used rhetorical questioning within his speeches asking the audience “When will you be satisfied?” demonstrating that the oppressed can never be content. The charismatic leaders mission is based on their own self interests and values. The participant of the relationship must have an unwavering acceptance, affection, obedience, and emotional involvement of the mission that the leader has. Whether working in politics, religion, or business, charismatic leaders earn the loyalty of their followers. Moreman and Sandberg (2011) discuss that a followers of a charismatic leader may be loyal to the leader but not to the organization. This is a risk that may cause problems for the organization. If the leaders’ mission and the organizations do not match up, the leader may choose to leave the business. Closely related to charismatic leadership, a transformational leader effectively will use charisma as they inspire others to follow the vision and passion of the leader. “Transformational leaders engender trust, seek to develop leadership in others, exhibit self-sacrifice and serve as moral agents, focusing themselves and followers on objectives that transcend the more immediate needs of the work group,” (Avolio & Yammario, 2002, p. 38). According to Clawson (2006) behaviors of a transformational leader include; “idealized influence, individualized consideration, intellectual stimulation, and inspirational motivation,” (p. 392) These behaviors assist the leader in recognizing the need for change and institutionalizing the changes in an organization (Tichy & Devanna, 1986). Followers of this particular leader will demonstrate a

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