January 20, 2013
This week we studied leadership types: functional, situational, and transformational.
Functional leadership is a leadership that describes the exact communicative behavior that the leader needs to have to help the group focus and function effectively. The behaviors fall into two categories: task and process. To use task leadership, you need to generate ideas, find out what each group member can contribute, don’t let one person monopolize the discussion and let everyone have a chance to talk, and elaborate on the ideas. Task leadership is where any behavior that shapes group process and helps accomplish the task. With process leadership, the group needs to “concern itself with itself” (Beebe & Masterson, 2007). To accomplish the goal, the goal not only needs to consider the goal but also the personal needs of the group. When the group gets together they bring needs with them. To enhance the climate of the meeting behaviors such as releasing tension, gatekeeping, encouraging and praising, and mediating can help.
The situational leadership perspective encompasses the functional perspective and leadership style and situation. Leadership style is the leader’s beliefs and attitudes. There are basically three styles: authoritarian, democratic, and laissez-faire. Authoritarian is the style that is the leader’s way, the democratic style is all members have say, and the laissez-faire style is laid back and believes that the group will direct itself. The situational leadership appears to be an interaction between style and various situational factors.
Transformational leadership is a fairly new theory and is defined by four characteristics: idealized leadership, inspirational motivation, intellectual stimulation, and individual consideration. “Transformational leaders have a sense of vision and purpose” (Beebe & Masterson, 2007). To obtain the goal lies...