Leader Of The States' Rights Debates Essay

1310 WordsMar 20, 20126 Pages
John C. Calhoun was born on march 18, 1782, near Abbeville, South Carolina. At the age of seventeen, Calhoun dropped out of school to take care of his sick father. He later received a degree from Yale and studied Law at Tapping Reeve Law School. He was first elected into the United States House of Representatives in 1811. He left congress in 1817 in order to serve as Secretary of War during Monroe's administration. In the election of 1822, John Quincy Adams was elected president and Calhoun was elected vice president. He was then reelected in 1828. When secretary of state, Abel Upshur, was killed in an explosion 1844, John C. Calhoun was called to Washington to take his place. He spent his remaining years back in the senate. Calhoun adopted the doctrine of nullification which allowed states to reject federal laws they did not agree with. He also believed states had the right to leave the federal union if they wished. Although, Calhoun was a strong supporter of sectionalism. Henry Clay was born on April 12, 1777, in Hanover county, Virginia. When he was twenty-two years old, he was elected to a constitutional convention in Kentucky and to the Kentucky legislature at the age of twenty-six. When he was twenty-nine he was appointed and unexpired term in the United States senate, even though he was under the age limit of the constitution. In 1808 to 1809, he again served in the Kentucky legislature and was chosen to speak in the lower house. A year later was elected another unexpired term in the United States Senate. In 1811, at the age of thirty four, he was elected to the United States House of Representatives and was chosen speaker on the first day of the session. One main reason of his popularity was his activity in congress promoting the war with Great Britain in 1812 and signed the treaty of Ghent on December 24th, 1814. Within fourteen years after his first

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