4.1 LAWS AND CODES OF PRACTICE
1) Children Act 2004 and 2006 - the purpose of the act is to make the UK a better and safer place for children of all ages.
It followed the inquiry into the death of 8-year old Victoria Climbie in 2000, to help decide if the Government needed to introduce new legislation and guidance to improve the child protection system. The Government response was the ’Every Child Matters’ green paper, which led to the Children Act 2004.
The new legislation changed and improved the way children’s services were delivered.
There are five outcomes under this law and they are:
a) Stay safe
b) Being healthy
c) Make a positive contribution
d) Enjoy and achieve
e) Achieve economic well-being.
By 2010 the Government wanted all schools in partnership with local authorities and local providers to offer access to extended services and quality childcare.
In order to comply with the law the schools have to include the five outcomes in their policies and procedure. They have to:
· create and support a culture of value and respect for the individual
· work together with other agencies for the best interest of the child
· more breakfast after school clubs through the introduction of
· children and young people are helped to develop positive relationships, choose not to bully or discriminate
· develop an anti-bullying culture, curriculum guidance and have
· prevention strategies in place
· staff have a duty to ensure that children are safe and protected
· Include elements of child protection in their foundation curriculum.
2)UN Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989- was ratified in the UK in 1991 and it is an international human rights treaty that gives children and young people a comprehensive set of rights (civil, political, economic, social and cultural)....