Lawrence Kohlberg Essay

1228 WordsApr 9, 20145 Pages
Lawrence Kohlberg was born in 1927 and lived in Bronxville, New York. He attended a private high school and did not go straight to college after graduation. After a stint helping with an Israeli cause he attended the University of Chicago. His scores on the admission test were so high that it only took one year to earn his bachelor’s degree (Crain). Kohlberg went on to pursue graduate work at the University of Chicago. This is when he became interested in Piaget. Kohlberg taught at the University of Chicago from 1962-1968 and then started teaching at Harvard University (Crain). Kohlberg became famous at Harvard University for his work and his theory of moral development (Barger). The method behind Kohlberg’s method was to get the reasoning behind the “yes” or “no”. The interviews had a series of dilemmas that would require a yes or no but the interviewer wants the reasoning behind the answer. The interviewer would ask more questions to help understand the subjects reasoning. To get a good sampling of the subject’s moral thinking a number of dilemmas were asked to the subjects. Kohlberg’s core sample only consisted of boys from Chicago from middle and lower class families. In later years Kohlberg added younger children, girls, delinquents, and kids from other geographic areas (Crain). Kohlberg developed six stages of moral development that was dispersed through three levels. These levels and stages represent what people progress through in their development of moral reasoning. These are the levels and stages: Level One: Pre-Conventional Stage One: Punishment and obedience What is right is determined by someone of authority and is carried forward in fears of being punished. Stage Two: Individual instrumental purpose and exchange What is right is determined by one’s own best interest. Level Two: Conventional Stage three: Mutual interpersonal

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