There are several different categories of law in the United States. Learning Team A will provide thorough explanations as well as examples of substantive law, procedural law, criminal law, civil law, common law, and statutory law.
Substantive law is defined as the written law that defines and regulated rights and duties of individuals and groups. Substantive law is one of the two main categories of law. This law covers both public and private legal areas, some examples are wills, torts, laws of contract, real property, and criminal law. Substantive law is derived from the Common Law as well as legislative statutes and is supported by the Fourth, Fifth, and Sixth United States Constitutional Amendments (Melvin, 2011).
Procedural law sometimes referred to as adjective law is the body of law that provides the precise steps that must be taken in enforcing legal rights. This law is made up of state and federal statutes, the rules of individual courts, provisions that ensure the Due Process of Law, and the standards of constitutional law. Procedural Law is defined by Substantive Law. An example would be jury instructions, which are the legal rules and regulations that members of a jury are to follow when ruling on a case. Procedural Law is covered by the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth U. S. Constitutional Amendments (Melvin, 2011).
Criminal Law is the body of law that relates to crime and regulates the conduct of individuals. This law prohibits harmful, and threatening behavior that effects the safety, health, and moral welfare of people. This law protects people from criminal activity such as murder, assault, and burglary. Criminal Law is covered by the Sixth U. S. Constitutional Amendment (Melvin, 2011).
Common laws are laws that are made by courts based on previous cases that share similar facts and elements in those cases. Common laws provide a resolution for courts if the similar case is presented in the future, making sure they have...