Photographing the crime scene helps when showing the scene as is. It has played such an important role when it comes to the criminal justice system in documenting evidence, identifying suspects, and also illustrating facts. When photographs first originated in 1973, federal rules of evidence concerning admissibility of photographic evidence into the court case were established. They were established because they are both relevant and must meet the Kelly Frye standard. The California Supreme Court adopted the Frye standard in the People V. Kelly case of 1976.
After the attacks Congress passed the U.S.A Patriot law to increase investigations on terrorist (Wilson, 2009). In 2004 Rusui v. Bush and Hamdi v. Rumsfeld placed limits on the government ability to detain individuals as terrorists; detainees must have access to neutral courts. In summary, the American legal system has evolved over hundreds of years of historical events, landmark cases and applications of our constitution. Our current system of law has its origins in England’s writ of Habeas corpus and Bill of Rights. Due process is essential component to providing citizens protection against government abuses of power.
D. in public policy and administration and M.S. in criminal justice. Her researches and teaching interests include public policy and criminal justice system. This article presents the opposition position since the author gives the public safety after 9/11 more important than the privacy right. The article brings many constitutional rules, data, and examples that will be very helpful for me in presenting the other opinion in my essay.
This is how the prosecutor determines which cases to pursue. I wouldn’t know what would happen if the criteria for taking a case were more or less stringent because I would have to know what the effects would be if it was more or less severe in each case. So opinion would be that if the criteria were less prosecuting lawyers would want to charge people for any and everything. If the criterion was more then it would be harder to convict a person because it probably would require more information and
Court History and Purpose Paper Melody Kibbe CJA/224 November 29th, 2013 Professor Jennifer Martin Abstract Throughout the American History courts have played an important role in our society. Still today courts play a significant part in what we do and how we choose to do things. Without courts innocent people would have no chance to appeal their cases in front of judges, juries and some fellow peers. Sharing with you today I hope gives you a better understanding of a court and its purpose, the dual court system, the role that early legal codes, the common law, and precedent played in the development of courts, and the role of courts in the criminal justice system today. .
Research Paper #1 The articles assigned were both extremely informative, interesting, and discussed a [perhaps controversial] subject matter pertinent to our justice system. Each article focused its discussion of studies conducted regarding judges’ decisions to release offenders before trial, if or how the offenders’ race and/or ethnicity effected judges’ decisions regarding pretrial detention, and the effect of pretrial detention on subsequent and future sentence lengths. Additionally discussed in each article, though briefly, were the extra legal factors which influenced pretrial detention: offenders’ status in their communities (i.e. employment, marriage status), prior criminal records, offenders’ education level, and judges’ perceived
Sentencing and Punishment Essay Casey Dempster Justice Spigelman’s comment clearly states that in terms of achieving justice within sentencing and punishment, the judge has a significantly challenging task. The judge is required to consider the reasons for punishment, types of punishment, punishment for specific crimes, as well as aggravating and mitigating factors. In the past, some judges have been heavily criticised on their particular discretionary judgements, resulting in various reforms which have occurred within the legal system in attempt to overcome this. The Crimes (Sentencing and Procedure) Act 1999 (NSW) being the primary source of legislation that outlines the law regarding sentencing and punishment. These reforms have also taken place in order to
The criminal justice system handles a variety of issues but each issue usually has a perpetrator and a victim. The criminal justice systems allows both the perpetrator and the victim an opportunity to give their version of actions in a criminal situation. The perpetrators and victims in the criminal justice system are not just limited to individuals who speak English and free of disability. Since, the United States is suppose to represent justice for all but as multiculturalism becomes more prevalent in the United States, it is becoming more and more evident that there are significant language barriers within the criminal justice system. Language barriers and the availability of court interpreters intrude into the process of justice and prevent essential communication and understanding.
I disagree with plea bargaining for the fact that if they did something once and get a plea bargain many will think of it as they got away with something, also they may think if they do something again they will think they can get another plea bargain deal. Topic 2: In Court - What would you do? Wow this is a difficult situation. I would not tell because… CI’s play a vital role in the investigation of many types of crimes, especially drug trafficking and other varieties of criminal collusion. The information they furnish tends to be quite accurate, as demonstrated by the high percentage of productive search warrants
The ruling clearly indicated his mental health diagnosis, yet, the ruling allowed for his sentencing to still have the death penalty consideration. (Hughes, 2015) The nuance is created when looking at competency and criminal or deviant behavior. Mental illness with undefined capacity is such a large variable. If this ruling were to hold true with any mental health diagnosis, a large percentage of the population could commit crimes without facing stiff punishment under the umbrella of incompetency. There are varying degrees of mental illness and lessened capacity, there must be a line as to accountability instead of excused behaviors.