Research with animals suggests that alcohol crosses the placenta and diffuses throughout the fetal tissues the same that it does in the adult tissues. Alcohol as a toxin seems to disrupt the normal growth sequence; the developing fetus cannot later “make up” for these disruptions (Kinney, 2012, p.163). Impairments often reported in people with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) may have multiple contributing factors. For instance, poor prenatal care, poor nutrition and maternal stress during pregnancy. Several studies have shown that children with FASD experience custody changes such as foster care, adoption or being institutionalized (Paley et al.,
The Australian World Health Organisation study on teen substance abuse revealed a report that , '' the major predictive factor in teen substance use and abuse , is parental use and abuse . '' ( W.H.O. 2010. ). This same study also revealed that, it affects the way people live, their consequent chances of illness and premature death.
(Ross Parke & Mary Gauvain 2009). Teratogens are the name given to external agents that can disturb the development or an embryo or fetus. These teratogens can be environmental like smoking or the consumption of alcohol. However they can also be influenced by maternal factors like the age and diet of the mother. In this essay I will examine how smoking, alcohol and the mother’s diet influence prenatal development.
Running head: THE SOCIAL ILLNESS OF METHAMPHETAMINE The Social Illness of Methamphetamine Abuse Abstract This paper discusses the causes and consequences of Methamphetamine abuse, and its affect on society. Presented is an overview of Methamphetamine dependency and a dialogue of three theoretical perspectives relating human development and drug addiction. The birth of Methamphetamine abuse has prompted federal and state governments to develop statutes, regulations, and policy changes to deal with this societal illness. Research of published literature and personal communication examines three legislative policies relevant to the misuse of this drug. A comparison of the policy models used in the development and implementation of these federal acts addresses the government's response to this public disease.
Impairment means an inability to function at an acceptable level of competenct, or an incapacity to continue to practice with the requisite skill, safety and judgement, as a result of alcohol or chemical dependency, a psychiatric of emotional disorder, senility or a disabling disorder. Chemical substances include alcohol, drugs or medications, including those taken pursuant to a valid prescription for legitimate medical purposes and in accordance with the prescribers direction, as well as those used illegally. (ANA) The Alternative to Discipline Law was approved in 2005 by the Senate and General Assemby of the State of New Jersey. This program provides nurses the oppurtunity to seek treatment for chemical depemdency or impairment confidentially without fear of disciplinary actions. This law was enacted to encourage health care professionals to come forward for help before harming a patient or being confronted in the workplace or by police The Code of Ethics for Nurses states that nurses must protect the patient, public and profession when a colleagues performance appears to be impaired.
The following essay will discuss a clinical incident which may have had the potential to cause harm to a patient whilst being nursed post operatively. The focus will be to critically discuss drug errors, why they occur and consider the rationale behind intravenous (IV) fluid therapy, outlining the possible negative effects of fluid overload on a patient whilst considering the nurses role in respect of legal and professional issues surrounding the incident. To protect identities and comply with the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) Code of Conduct (2008) all names will be changed. The model chosen for this reflection is the Gibbs (1988) Reflective Cycle which encompasses 6 stages of description, thoughts and feelings, evaluation, analysis, conclusion and action plan which will continuously improve my nursing skills by learning experiences and develop my self confidence when caring for others (Siviter 2008). Description The critical incident took place on a surgical ward whilst I was on placement.
Presley, C. A., Meilman, P. W., & Lyerla, R. (1993). Alcohol and drugs on American college^ campuses:Use, consequences, and perceptions of the campus environment. Vol. 1:1989-91. Cooper, M. L. (1994). Motivations for alcohol use among adolescents: Development and validationof a four-factor model.
Now they are older and may need blood tests, maybe insulin dependent diabetic - they would need psychoanalysis in the day care centre to get over this phobia We need to be careful not to make assumptions about services users – their behaviour may be due to earlier childhood experiences. It is important to understand this and not to label them (stereotype them). Instead we should be recognising this and providing a support plan. Fixation at any of the psychosexual stages can result in extreme behaviours associated with that stage in adulthood – day care centres may find these behaviours hard to manage, There are now courses in day care centres for staff called
Lesson 2 Essay During your pregnancy there are many hazardous agents that should be avoided at all costs in order to prevent birth defects and disorders. These agents are known as teratogens and can have a negative impact on your unborn child. Teratogens can include prescription and nonprescription drugs, alcohol, tobacco, environmental pollution, illegal drugs, infectious diseases and radiation. Illegal drugs, such as cocaine, heroin, and methadone, can cause very serious and permanent physical and mental defects. Illicit use of these drugs can lead to low birth weight, breathing difficulties, death, and of course the possibility of the baby being born addicted to the drug.